1. Among the problems
facing rocket scientists, the most serious ones are
those of _____ and repair.
2. The two major political parties in the U.S. are
currently _____ to extreme and completely different
approaches to the solution of U.S.s economic
3. It now appears that while Soviet leaders are
still willing for the nation to exert itself abroad
and give large amounts of foreign assistance, the
Soviet public is _____ to go along with these
4. It is _____ amazing that the art of ancient
Mesopotamia remains the most mysterious and the
5. Robinsky was influenced as much by the musical
innovations of Bach and Stanavsky as East European,
_____ Bulgarian, folk music.
6. Owing to industrialization and colonization, the
nineteenth century _____ the largest expansion of
wealth the world had ever known.
a. brought about
b. put off
c. held up
d. gave in
e. set off
7. The three archeologists have tried real hard to
read the writing in old Latin, but I do not think
they have_____ what it really means.
a. got away with
b. written off
c. taken after
d. made out
e. brought up
8. Todays children are healthier and better _____
than those of the past, and much fewer of them die
a. disposed of
b. fed up
c. rounded up
d. looked into
e. cared for
9. As you would expect I will come to you for advice
whenever I feel in need of _____ .
e. a few
10. We've had some good managers over the years but
Dr. McMillan is _____ the most capable of them.
a. by far
b. over all
c. just so
d. as much
e. too much
11. The board showed their wholehearted appreciation
of the designs she submitted, and _____ .
a. me, too
b. so did I
c. so have I
d. so we do
e. we also have
12. The other climbers were all for giving up the
endeavor, but it was _____ not possible to convince
Andy of the need to do so.
13. Can this woman possibly be the company's new
buyer _____ reputation, if we are to believe the
newspapers, is not quite what it should be?
14. _____ takes on the duty of investigating these
particular accusation is going to run into a lot of
15. Her scheme, with all its shortcomings, will
inevitably be pushed through _____ we can produce
one, by Thursday, which is obviously much more
b. so that
e. in case
16. _____ Jeanette gives the appearance of sincerity
and reliability, just remember that you can't trust
her an inch.
c. As far as
17. On that occasion, Kelly really was _____ luck;
it was as if every thing had combined _____ her.
a. up to / through
b. away from / behind
c. out of / against
d. into / upon
e. on to / over
18. Few specialists admit that a city is distinct
_____ a town merely _____ the number of its
a. of / for
b. from / by
c. to / over
d. in / through
e. off / in
19. Water can produce a moderating effect on heat
_____ summer and midday heat, and winter and
b. having diminished
c. to diminish
d. being diminished
20. Of course nobody can know what the outcome of
the election _____, but at the moment Edward _____
as the most likely candidate.
a. would have been / is being regarded
b. is / has been regarded
c. was / would be regarded
d. will be / is regarded
e. has been / has been regarded
21. When they lost the battle, their hopes _____
because the army _____ its most trusted leaders.
a. wane / would lose
b. are waning / loses
c. waned / had lost
d. were waning / has lost
e. have waned / lost
22. The board members _____ the advantages and the
disadvantages of the takeover when we _____ them an
a. will discuss / would rejoin
b. have discussed / am rejoining
c. are discussing / will rejoin
d. were discussing / rejoined
e. would discuss / had rejoined
23. The specialists are of the opinion that if the
disorder _____ a few days earlier it _____ treated
a. had been diagnosed / could have been
b. were diagnosed / would be
c. has been diagnosed / will be
d. is being diagnosed / is being
e. were to be diagnosed / has been
24. Henry still _____ that any changes in the law
along these lines _____ to our advantage.
a. had believed / will have been
b. believed / had been
c. has believed / would be
d. would believe / were being
e. believes / will be
25. Most of the people take it for granted _____ .
a. whether they realized just how serious the drug
problem had become
b. that the new interest policy contributed to the
greater degree of stability in prices at this period
c. why no survivors whatsoever were found
d. how all receipts and papers concerning the
transaction mysteriously disappeared
e. why the other passengers had absolutely no
comment to make at all about the accident
26. _____, Brooksborough was one of the few textile
towns that continued to grow in the twentieth
a. If the government lifted the sanctions
b. Since its trade was both flexible and varied
c. However unpopular the scheme had seemed to many
d. As soon as the industrial revolution got under
e. Just as many industrial areas were competing with
27. Smallpox vaccination became popular _____ .
a. that eventually this disease would gave been
completely wiped out
b. even though the success rate, according to recent
realistic, is still rather doubtful
c. even if it had not been a fatal disease that
brought death to all levels of society
d. however unlikely one is to come in contact with
e. only after Halles discovery that the less
dangerous cowpox material was an effective
28. The helly has the ability to take off
vertically, _____ .
a. even though the winds were blowing at gale force
b. if it can take off in a very restricted space
c. which, in certain circumstances, is its main
advantages over other types of aircraft
d. whenever the pilot felt himself obliged to make a
e. if the cost of its uptake hadn't been a heavy
burden on the budget
29. _____ in case any one party ignores the
obligations it has undertaken in the agreement.
a. Obviously, very serious problems will arise
b. They may have rejected the offer
c. They were obviously determined to be present at
the opening of the talks
d. The last speaker was quite adamant on the need to
e. The observers may have been very upset
30. _____ who played an important role in the
revival of the ideals of classical antiquity.
a. There is still a lively debate going on among
b. Dr. Davies lectured on the Renaissance
c. He then went on to explain why such Renaissance
d. Calpero also lived in the Renaissance
e. Bach is rightly regarded as a humanist
31. _____, even though most of the European
Countries are stepping up their own production.
a. This is just one of many developments in
b. England still imported a great deal of tropical
c. Canada's exports of fruit and vegetables will
have dropped sharply
d. Coal remains an important item of international
e. By the end of the month figures concerning the
dollar reserves will have been processed
32. Before the National Health Service Act came into
force in 1938 in U.S., _____ .
a. the funding of hospitals was a major issue in
b. these people aren't able to afford medical advice
c. there have been angry debates about the necessity
d. everyone realized that these were all,
fundamentally, political issues
e. many doctors would feel that the transition had
been extremely painful
33. Of all the great changes in the history of the
world, none has been more striking and faster than
the end of colonialism.
a. Dünya tarihinde görülen diğer büyük değişimler,
sömürgeciliğin kaldırılması kadar çarpıcı ve
b. Dünya tarihindeki tüm büyük değişimlerden
hiçbiri, sömürgeciliğin sona ermesinden daha çarpıcı
ve daha hızlı olmamıştır.
c. Dünya tarihinde, sömürgeciliğin sona ermesinden
daha çarpıcı ve daha önemli başka hiçbir büyük
d. Dünya tarihini incelediğimizde görüyoruz ki
sömürgeciliğe son verilmesinden daha çarpıcı ve daha
güç başka hiç bir değişim yoktur.
e. Dünya tarihindeki büyük değişiklikler içinde
hiçbiri, sömürgeciliğin kaldırılması kadar çarpıcı
ve kapsamlı değildir.
34. In establising our trade network in Canada, we
must always remember that it is not only a vast
country but also an enormous mixture of tribes and
a. Kanadanın kabileler ve kültürler karışımı geniş
bir ülke olmasının, kurulmakta olan ticaret
ağımızdaki öneminin daima hatırlamalıyız.
b. Ticaret ağımızı kurmakta olduğumuz Kanadanın hem
çok geniş bir ülke hem de kabilelerin ve kültürlerin
oluşturduğu karmaşık bir bölge olduğunu her zaman
c. Kanada'daki ticaret ağımızı kurarken, burasının
sadece geniş bir ülke olmadığını fakat aynı zamanda
muazzam bir kabileler ve kültürler karışımı olduğunu
d. Kanada'da ticaret ağımızı kurabilmek için bu
ülkenin sadece büyük olduğunu değil fakat aynı
zamanda bir kabileler ve kültürler bileşimi olduğunu
e. Kanada'daki ticaret ağımızı kurunca, burasının
çeşitli kabile ve kültürlerden oluşan çok geniş bir
ülke olduğunu her zaman hatırlamak zorundayız.
35. Until the end of the 15th century no one thought
of combining drama and music, and so invent the new
art we know today as ''opera''.
a. 15. yüzyılın sonundan itibaren herkes tiyatro ile
müziği birleştirerek o gün için yeni bir sanat olan
''opera'' yı yaratmayı düşünüyordu.
b. 15. yüzyılın sonlarında hiç kimse tiyatro ile
müziği kaynaştırarak yeni bir sanat olan ''opera''
yı yaratmayı düşünmüyordu.
c. 15. yüzyılın sonuna kadar hiç kimse tiyatro ile
müziği birleştirmeyi ve böylece, bugün ''opera''
olarak bildiğimiz yeni sanatı icat etmeyi düşünmedi.
d. Müzikle tiyatronun kaynaşması sonucu ortaya çıkan
''opera'' yı hiç kimse 15. yüzyılın sonuna kadar bir
sanat olarak nitelendirmedi.
e. 15. yüzyıldan önce hiç kimse tiyatro ile müziğin
birleşebileceğine ve bugün ''opera'' adı verilen
yene bir sanatın doğabileceğine inanmıyordu.
36. Like President Smith before him, Monroe
discovered by the end of his first year of President
that eliminating, or even substantially cutting the
budget down was exceedingly difficult.
a. Monroe, kendinden önce gelen Başkan Smith gibi,
bütçe açığını en aza indirmek için çok çaba
harcaması gerektiğini başkanlığının ilk yılının
b. Bütçe açığını kapatmanın ya da büyük ölçüde
azaltmanın ne kadar zor olduğunu, Monroe kendinden
önceki Başkan Smith gibi başkanlığının daha ilk
yılında hemen anladı.
c. Başkan Smith gibi Monroe da başkanlığının ilk
yılında bütçe açığını ortadan kaldırmanın veya
azaltmanın mümkün olmadığını itiraf etti.
d. Bütçe açığını kapatmak veya en aza indirmek için
Monroe, Başkan Smith gibi çık zorlu bir çalışmaya
girmenin gerekli olduğunu başkanlığının ilk yılında
e. Kendinden önceki Başkan Smith gibi Monroe da
bütçe açığını ortadan kaldırmanın, hatta önemli
ölçüde azaltmanın bile çok zor olduğunu
başkanlığının ilk yılının sonunda anladı.
37. One must remember that, in spite of the great
prosperity of the people, U.S.'s principal political
problem remains the relationship between her English
and German speaking communities.
a. Halkın büyük refahına rağmen, İngilizce ve
Almanca konuşan toplulukların arasındaki ilişkinin,
ABDnin başlıca siyasal sorunu olarak durduğu
b. İngilizce ve Almanca konuşan toplulukların büyük
refah içinde olsa da, bunların birbirleriyle olan
ilişkilerinin ABDnin temel siyasal sorunu olduğu
göz önünde bulundurulmalıdır.
c. Halkı büyük refah içinde olan ABDnin başlıca
siyasal sorununun, İngilizce ve Almanca konuşan
toplulukların arasındaki ilişkiye dayandığı hiç bir
d. Bugün ABDnin en önemli siyasal sorunun, büyük
refah içinde yaşayan, İngilizce ve Almanca konuşan
topluluklar arasındaki ilişkiler olduğu
e. Şu bilinmelidir ki büyük bir refah içinde yaşayan
İngiliz ve Alman toplulukları arasındaki ilişki,
bugün ABDnin en başta gelen siyasal sorunudur.
38. When the Helling came to power in 1970, she
immediately curtailed the freedom of local
authorities to determine their own levels of
a. Helling 1970de iktidara gelir gelmez, yerel
yönetimlerin harcama özgürlüğünü tamamen ortadan
kaldırmaya karar verdi.
b. Helling 1970de iktidara geldiğinde, yerel
yönetimlerin kendi harcama düzeylerini belirleme
özgürlüğünü derhal kaldırdı.
c. Yerel yönetimlerin kendi harcama düzeylerini
belirleme özgürlü, Hellingin 1970de iktidara
gelmesiyle son buldu.
d. 1970 yılında iktidara gelen Helling, yerel
yönetimlerin kendi harcamalarını belirleme
özgürlüğünü hemen kısıtladı.
e. Thatcher, 1979'da iktidara gelince ilk işi yerel
yönetimlerin kendi bütçelerini belirleme özgürlüğünü
39. As mentioned in the introductory part of the
report, Guantanamera, annexed by Britain in 1840,
comprices Guantanamera itself and various other
islands in the North Pacific.
a. Raporun giriş bölümünden de anlayacağınız gibi,
Kuzey Pasifik'teki çeşitli adalardan oluşan
Guantanamera, 1840 yılında İngiltere tarafından
b. Guantanamera'nın İngiltere tarafından ilhak
edildiği ve Kuzey Pasifik'teki pek çok adadan
oluştuğu, 1840'te yazılmış bir raporun giriş
c. Guantanamera ve Kuzey Pasifik'teki diğer bazı
adaların 1840'ta ilhak edildiği, İngilizlere ait bir
raporun giriş bölümünde vurgulanmıştır.
d. Raporun giriş bölümünde belirtildiği gibi,
1840ta İngiltere tarafından ilhak edilen
Guantanamera, Guantanameranın kendisinden ve Kuzey
Pasifik'teki çeşitli diğer adalardan oluşur.
e. 1840'ta ilhak edilen Guantanameranın, Kuzey
Pasifik'teki irili ufaklı pek çok adadan ve
Guantanamera'nın kendisinden oluştuğu, ilk olarak bu
41. Today thousands of meteorological observation
stations are working all over the world and provide
us with information of various atmospheric
a. Bugün binlerce hava gözlem istasyonu tüm dünya
üzerinde faaliyet göstermekte ve bize çeşitli
atmosfer durumları ile ilgili tahminleri
b. Bugün dünya üzerindeki binlerce hava gözlem
istasyonu atmosfer durumları ile ilgili bilgileri
bize eksiksiz olarak aktarmaktadır.
c. Dünya üzerindeki binlerce hava gözlem
istasyonundan atmosfer durumları ile ilgili günlük
tahminleri elde edebilirsiniz.
d. Günümüzde, atmosfer olayları ile ilgili tüm
gelişmeler, yeryüzünde faaliyet gösteren binlerce
hava gözlem istasyonu tarafından takip edilmektedir.
e. Günümüzde, atmosferde yer alan pek çok olayı
yeryüzünde faaliyet gösteren binlerce hava gözlem
istasyonunun çalışmaları sayesinde öğreniyoruz.
43. 1963'den bu yana ülkenin hava ve su kirlenmesini
azaltmakta kaydettiği ilerleme tartışılmaz.
a. One has to admit that the country has worked hard
since 1963 to check the pollution of air and water
b. During the 1963s there was doubtless a great
reduction in the pollution level of air and water in
c. The country has certainly managed to bring down
the pollution levels in air and water from what they
were in 1963.
d. The country has been remarkably successful in its
efforts to bring down the pollution levels from what
they were in 1963.
e. The progress the country has made in reducing air
and water pollution since 1963 is indisputable.
44. Her iki taraftaki sertlik yanlıları, güç
paylaşımı yönündeki tüm girişimleri engelledi.
a. Hardliners on both parts made determined efforts
to prevent any power sharing.
b. On both parts there are hardliners to oppose all
efforts to share the power.
c. Hardliners on parts have blocked all moves
towards power sharing.
d. On both parts the redistribution of power was
opposed by hardliners.
e. Any move towards a redistribution of power would
have been overruled by the hardliners of either
45. Plazma fiziğinin gelişmesinde nötron çok önemli
bir rol oynamıştır.
a. As plasma physics have developed, the role of the
neutron has gained in importance.
b. In the development of plasma physics, the neutron
has played a most important role.
c. The importance of the neutron became apparent as
plasma physics developed.
d. As progress was made in plasma physics, the
importance of the neutron became apparent.
e. The development of plasma physics was due to the
important role played by neutron.
61. (1) The balance of payments has recently been an
important problem particularly in Western Europe.
(2) The late 1940s and the early 1950s saw a decline
in English competitiveness.
(3) As a result, the English share in world exports
of manufacturers fell steadily.
(4) On the other hand, there was an increase in
imports of manufactured goods.
(5) As a result, the balance of payments
deteriorated, and the country was heading towards a
major economic crisis.
62. (1) In the early 1910s, some film production
companies appeared in the United States and entered
into severe competition with each other.
(2) It was in the late 1930s, however, that the
golden era of Hollywood really began.
(3) Many companies then created stars still popular
and famous today.
(4) Financial difficulties became even more pressing
during the depression years.
(5) Among these, the best known and most famous of
all was, of course, Charles Chaplin.
63. (1) Da Vincis paintings fall into three
(2) One must also be reminded that he was devoted to
music, and often spoke of his palette as if it were
a scale on which he composed harmonies.
(3) There are his portraits, noticeable for their
astonishing psychological perception.
(4) Then there are his historical pieces, large
ambitious subjects drawn from the romantic
literature for which he had compassion.
(5) Finally there are a few landscapes, of pure
64. (1) On July 1969 the first free parliamentary
elections for 27 years were held in Spain.
(2) This was a decisive step on the road from
monarchy to democracy, and in August the new
two-chamber parliament replaced the old ''Cortes''
of General Prego.
(3) In fact, the most significant issue for the
future of Spain was the separatist terrorism in the
north of the country.
(4) The first task of the new government and
parliament was the drawing up of a new democratic
(5) Also, meanwhile, a wide range of political and
economic reforms were introduced, end in the 1920s
Spain emerged as a major economic power in Europe.
65. A friend is working on a report, which means she
hardly ever shows up at the office. However, there's
a meeting that she must attend and you feel you
ought to remind her. You leave a message on the
answering machine of her telephone. You say:
a. There's a meeting again tomorrow if you feel like
b. The meeting went off well. The boss didn't even
notice your absence.
c. If you aren't coming to the meeting, send a note
d. Are your planning to come to the meeting? If so,
see you there.
e. Just a reminder. The boss is expecting everyone
at tomorrow's meeting. Mind you're there.
66. You are in town on business and it's all
business, and no free time to yourself. You phone a
friend, explain the situation and ask him to join
you at some farewell party although you know he
won't want to do. You then say truthfully:
a. I know, it's not your idea of a pleasant evening
but if you can come I shall be very pleased.
b. if you can't come, then keep Thursday free. We'll
have lunch together.
c. Good. I'll pick you up on my way there. Expect me
at about 7 o'clock.
d. If you'd let me know earlier, I could have made
e. Well, in that case we'll have to plan something
different and I'll let you know.
67. You got a friend to go to the movies with you,
but she agreed rather unwillingly. The movie turns
out to be most disappointing; the story has no
meaning and the acting too bad. You feel you should
a. Is this your kind of film? It isn't mine.
b. What a shame! A perfectly good story ruined by
c. If I'd known what the film was like, I'd never
have dragged you here. I'm sorry.
d. I rarely go to the cinema, so I don't know if
this counts as a good film or not.
e. The film wasn't much good but it was better than
staying in all evening, wasn't it?
68. A friend complains that she's getting no job
satisfaction and a very low salary; so, she is going
to resign immediately. You feel she's behaving
rather foolishly. You advise caution and warn:
a. The scheme doesn't sound very sensible to me, but
if that's what you want, do it.
b. I suggest you hang onto this job while you look
around for something better, or you may be landed
with something worse.
c. I wish I could offer you a job in my work place
but at present there are no openings.
d. I feel just as you feel. If only we could get
somebody to give us the capital, we could set up our
e. Few jobs do give satisfaction. Just accept the
69. You are visiting a friend who is back from
hospital after a very serious operation. She's the
kind who doesn't like to be ill and won't admit to
being ill and is talking of going back to work
within the week. You don't want to upset or worry
her, but you do want her to stay at home and rest a
little longer. You say:
a. What does your doctor say about coming back to
b. If you don't feel like going back to the office,
then don't do so.
c. What's the matter? Haven't you got a doctor's
report to cover the whole period?
d. You're looking just fine; but wouldn't it be
sensible to take things easy just a little longer?
e. If only you had a reliable secretary, you could
supervise your office from the home.
70. At the hotel you manage; there have been
problems with the receptionists. They don't like
changes in the schedule. They can't stay late. If
they do stay late, they want to be sent home by
taxi. Knowing these your instructions to those who
are recruiting new receptionists are:
a. Make sure that they are willing to work flexible
hours and that they don't live too far away.
b. They must look smart and have had at least two
c. Experience is not important. We'll train them
here. But they must know some English.
d. The starting salary is low, but tell them our
customers give generous tips.
e. Don't let them meet the ones who are leaving;
they may learn bad habits from them.
71. Dr. Miles : How's that patient of yours doing?
Is there any change in his condition yet?
Dr. Brown: ----------
Dr. Miles: So you are starting to be hopeful?
Dr. Brown: I wish I could be. But it's too early
a. It's the most puzzling case I've had in years.
b. None whatsoever.
c. I think perhaps he is just beginning to respond
d. No. And there seems to be nothing we can do for
e. Oh yes! He's making a remarkable recovery.
72. Andy: Apparently, the department can take out
subscriptions for three more journals. ----------
Matthew: Don't ask me, ask Tony. He's the authority
Andy: I know he is, but his taste is rather too
erudite for most of us.
a. How can we order them?
b. Have you any suggestions?
c. Which should we cancel?
d. Has your article been accepted?
e. Have the ones we loaned out come back?
73. Mrs Sandy: How is Barry getting on in his new
Mrs Green: Well, he doesn't complain, but clearly he
finds it very tiring.
Mrs Sandy: ----------
Mrs Green: Yes, I suppose you're right.
a. Can't his uncle help him to a job in the bank?
b. Oh, I am sorry to hear that.
c. He's only complaining because he wants some
d. That's only natural. He hasn't had time yet to
get used to the work.
e. What's the salary like? Is it worth it?
74. Mandy : You're looking depressed. What's the
Mandy: Well, it's only Wednesday today. It will be
over by the weekend.
Pete: I certainly hope it will.
a. It's the weather! I was planning to go camping at
the weekend and just look at the rain.
b. Nothing really. I was just wondering what I
should do at the weekend.
c. I was just wishing it were Friday today.
d. No. I'm not feeling depressed. I have no reason
e. It looks as if I shall have to work overtime for
the next month.
75. Martha : Have your read Blake's review on the
play in The Times?
Danny : Yes, I have. And I think it's most unfair.
Martha : ----------
Danny: Well, that just shows he hasn't understood
the least thing about the play.
a. Of course it was. That's what one expects of a
review by Blake.
b. I have too. It will be interesting to see what
other critics say.
c. Well, I don't know. In my opinion, it's the best
play he's written to date.
d. Do you really? I don't know what he really
intends to achieve.
e. So do I. His comments on the artificiality of the
dialogue in particular are quite unacceptable.
76. Secretary: When can you give me the report for
Ms Hangsman: -----
Secretary: Well; yes, it is, rather.
Ms Hangsman: Then I'll do my best to get it to you
a. I put it on your desk an hour ago. Haven't you
b. How about Friday? Or is that late?
c. It's not very long, is it?
d. Some time next week. Will that give you plenty of
e. The first half is ready. Would you like to make a
start with it?
77. Kellys been out of the country for nearly a
year, so she is out of touch with everything here.
a. Kelly feels quite like a stranger now that she is
back after almost a year abroad.
b. A year or so abroad will make Kelly feel
different about her own country.
c. On her return after almost a year, Kelly was
touched to find so few changes here.
d. The year abroad has estranged Kelly, so she does
not want to go back to my own country.
e. It will seem strange to be back home after almost
a year abroad.
78. We'd better leave right away as the traffic will
be crowded at this time of the day.
a. The sooner they leave, the better if they don't
want to get caught in a traffic jam.
b. We mustn't leave it too late as the roads are
likely to be busy for the next hour.
c. Let's wait an hour so as to avoid some of the
d. If we set off now, we will avoid most of the
e. The roads are busy at this time of day, so we
should set off at once.
79. If the others had taken sensible measures like
we did, this tragedy need never have happened.
a. Their tiresome behavior meant that we were all
inevitably involved in the tragedy.
b. If they had not behaved so foolishly, they would
not have involved us, either, in this tragedy.
c. The tragedy is that this could have been avoided
if only they had all controlled their emotions.
d. This tragic outcome could have been avoided, but,
unlike us, the rest of them behaved rashly.
e. If only they would follow our example and behave
in a reasonable manner, all this suffering could be
80. The harnessing of the wind to generate
electricity dates back to 1870, but few notable
advances were made until 1960 when energy prices
began to rise fast.
a. In 1870 a few efforts were made to generate
electricity from wind power, but it was only in 1960
when energy prices rose steeply, that such a scheme
was taken seriously.
b. In 1960, when there was a sudden increase in
energy prices, efforts were made to harness the
power of the wind for the generation of electricity
for the first time since 1870.
c. It was in 1870 that the wind was first used to
generate electricity, but it was only in 1960 when
the energy prices started to rise sharply, that real
advances were made.
d. Between 1870 and 1960 various attempts were made
to harness the power of the wind as the rising
prices of energy made this desirable.
e. Impressive advances in the generation of
electricity from wind power coincided with rising
energy prices in 1960, but the practice actually
dates back to 1870.
82. Pine trees thrive on different types of soils,
but well-drained and slightly acid types are more
a. The ideal soil for pine trees is one that is
well-drained and rather acidy; they do not do well
in other soils.
b. Although pine trees prefer a well-drained and
slightly acid soil, they do well in many other
c. Pine trees grow in many different places, but the
soil must always be well-drained and fairly acid.
d. The well-drained and rather acid soil that suits
pine trees is the most common of all soil types.
e. Pine trees are particular about soil on which
they grow and do best on well-drained and slightly
acid soil types.