1) Steven was accused of starting the fire that
burned down the two factory buildings.
A) It is certain that the fire that had burned down
the two factory buildings was started by Steven.
B) Although they had no proof, Steven was the one
suspected of starting the fire which burned down the
two factory buildings.
C) The accusations against Steven were dropped after
the two buildings burned down at the factory.
D) They accused Steven after they had proof that the
two factory buildings had been burned down.
E) Steven denied the accusation that he had started
the fire that burned down the two factory buildings.
2) The computer indicated that there was a virus in
the disk which had just been placed into it.
A) The virus was indicated for the computer to work
B) The indications were that the computer had
established a virus.
C) The disk which was to be placed in the computer
wanted a virus to work correctly.
D) The disk which was in the computer stated that
there was a virus in the computer.
E) The computer noted that the disk which was placed
into it had a virus.
3) The fees for the services of the pediatrician
were extremely high.
A) The services of the child's doctor were free.
B) The cost of seeing the child specialist was very
C) The doctor charged a fee for the services he
D) The pediatrician is a children's doctor who
charges great fees.
E) The high quality of the pediatricians services
was without cost.
4) What a shame that your cake fell off the table
before we had a chance to taste it!
A) It was a waste to attempt to taste the cake after
it fell off the table.
B) We were able to taste the delicious cake before
it fell on the floor.
C) It was unfortunate that we couldn't taste the
cake before it fell off the table.
D) The cake shamefully fell off the table after we
E) Your cake was very good when we tasted it before
it fell on the floor.
5) The police warned everyone to lock their doors at
night and not to let any strangers into their homes.
A) The citizens were informed by the authorities
that they should take precautions in protecting
their homes and in dealing with strangers.
B) It was necessary for people to prevent entry into
their home by aliens.
C) The strangers informed everyone to prevent entry
into their homes by the police.
D) The police were not allowing people to invite
unusual or unknown people into their homes.
E) Everyone was forbidden to lock their doors and to
keep everyone they didn't know out of their homes
until the criminals were found.
6) Janice was foolish to attempt such a long trip in
that broken down car.
A) Janice's idea was not as good as we thought.
B) Janice should have not decided on taking that car
on a trip.
C) If I were Janice, I would have thought twice
about going on that long trip with that old car that
D) The broken car was going to be repaired if Janice
could make the long trip to the garage.
E) What a fool she is to think that the car is the
right way to make such a trip.
7) She cautiously looked both ways before she
crossed the street.
A) After she crossed the street, she looked both
B) She looked both ways because she couldn't decide
where to go.
C) Carefully looking in both ways, she turned around
and decided to cross the street.
D) She crossed the street so that she could look
E) Before she crossed the street, she carefully
looked in both directions and then decided to cross.
8) The best treatment for flu is to rest in bed and
to take plenty of fluids.
A) Drinking large amounts of liquid and getting
treatment are the best ways for flu.
B) Flu is best treated with bed rest and large
amounts of fluids to drink.
C) I would like to have flu so I could rest in bed
and have a drink once in a while.
D) Resting in bed and taking frequent baths is the
best way of treating flu.
E) Flu is best treated with rest and drowning a
9) The city council refused to give permission to
the rock group for a performance in the stadium.
A) The rock group wanted to perform in the stadium
and asked the city council to give them permission.
B) The city council wanted the rock group to perform
in the stadium instead of the city.
C) The rock group was not able to receive permission
to perform in the stadium.
D) The rock group's performance in the stadium was
not funded by the city council.
E) The rock group's refusal to perform in the
stadium made the city council angry.
10) The attachment of the two young people to their
professor proved to be valuable for both sides.
A) They proved that it was valuable to attach the
two young people to their professor.
B) The two young people proved the value of the
attachment between teacher and students.
C) The professor asked to prove the worth of what
the students had said to him.
D) Establishing a trusting relationship between
students and teachers can be worthwhile for all
E) After the intimate relationship between the
teacher and the students was proven, there were many
people who felt they were no longer of any value.
11) The commercials on television caused many
problems in families as young children cannot
distinguish between what is presented and reality.
A) Children have difficulty understanding the
relationship between real life and the television
commercials, but families educate them.
B) Families sometimes want to live the lives they
see on commercials because they would prefer the
life they see on television to the life they really
C) Many problems are caused by television as
children are often influenced by what is shown on
D) The inability of children to distinguish between
real life and television commercials has caused them
to want what they should not have.
E) Children cause their families a great many
problems because they want to watch too much
12) The telephone conversation between the two
sisters took approximately two hours.
A) The sisters took the two telephones for two
B) The sisters talked on the phone for almost two
C) The telephone was busy for two hours before they
could talk to each other.
D) A conversation with my sister will take place in
about two hours.
E) It takes approximately two hours to have a
conversation with my sister.
13) The rate of suicide in Japan is extremely high
among young people.
A) Young people in Japan like to commit suicide.
B) The number of young people in Japan who kill
themselves is great.
C) The Japanese are highly interested in committing
D) Japanese youths commit many more murders than in
E) The high rate of suicide is only among the young
14) Tristy was so disappointed about the job she
wasn't able to get that she cried for several hours.
A) Depressed about the job she was unable to get,
Tristy cried for a long time.
B) Tristy wasn't all that disappointed about the job
so she didn't cry all that long.
C) Being upset about many things, she cried until
she heard that she had got the new job.
D) The job she had wanted wasn't all that good, as
she later learned, so she was not all that
E) Getting a job wasn't important enough to cry
15) It was a rash of Susan and Mark to get married
when they'd only known each other for a few weeks.
A) As you know, Susan and Mark got married a few
weeks ago, which was an insensible act for both of
B) The fact that Susan and Mark got married was not
a sensible decision for they had known one another
for a short time.
C) Susan and Mark decided to get married a few weeks
before, but I think they are on the verge of a
D) If you ask my opinion, Susan and Mark should get
married only after they have known each other
E) Susan and Mark are married for only a few weeks,
but they have already started to quarrel with one
16) It wasnt until my elder brother returned from
Germany that my elder sister got married.
A) After my elder sister had united her life with a
man, my elder brother got back from Germany.
B) My elder sisters marriage happened following the
arrival of my elder brother.
C) It was on the occasion of the arrival of my elder
brother that my elder sister got married.
D) My elder sisters marriage falls into the period
when my elder brother came back from Germany.
E) My elder brother decided to turn back from
Germany because my elder sister was getting married.
17) Just as the student was concentrating on the
lesson, his father distracted him by entering the
A) Before the student started to study his lesson,
his father entered the room and spoilt his
B) While the student was trying to focus on the
lesson, his father entered the room, but didnt
utter any word.
C) Although the father entered the room, his son
continued to study his lesson.
D) As the student was attempting to focus on the
lesson, his father entered the room.
E) The fathers entrance into the room prevented the
student from focusing on the lesson.
18) The system had already got worse by the time the
government took hold of it.
A) The system fell into failure until the government
made a solution for it.
B) Although the system collapsed formerly, the
government tried to solve it.
C) When the government started to get interested in
the situation, the system was also out of way.
D) The system found way out of the terrible
condition because the government had taken
E) The government took remarkable precautions, so
the system got better and better.
19) The future of the man will be in great danger as
long as he is obstinate in not giving up smoking.
A) For the sake of the mans living in safe in the
future, he needs to stop smoking.
B) The mans health cannot recover from that
situation even though he decides to quit smoking.
C) As soon as the man makes up his mind and becomes
decisive to stop smoking, he will turn back to his
D) Because the man is entirely stubborn in not
avoiding cigarette, his future will always be in
E) The man needs somebody to dissuade him from
smoking for the sake of his health.
20) The rain had become heavier by the time we left
home, so we called off our plan for picnic.
A) Until the rain started to pour down, we had
already cancelled our plan for picnic.
B) The downpour didnt cause any obstacle for our
plan to have a picnic.
C) When we set off for our picnic, the rain began to
pour down, so we had to postpone it.
D) The downpour prevented us from going for a picnic
though we had already planned to.
E) It was too late to have a decision because we had
already arrived at the place of the picnic by the
time the rain poured down.
21) He achieved worldwide fame after he released his
A) His first album brought him more fame than anyone
B) He was already famous in his own country, but his
first album helped him become renowned world over.
C) His later album made a bigger contribution to his
fame than the former ones
D) By the time he produced his new songs for the
album, he was popular enough thanks to the former
E) It was surprise to everybody that he gained
popularity throughout the world with only one album.
22) If it hadnt been for my wife, I couldnt have
overcome the problems in those days.
A) But for my wife, things would have been much
easier than lived.
B) With the help of my wife I can still deal with
the problems today.
C) My wife was always standing beside me in those
days; otherwise, I couldnt have overcome the
D) It wouldnt have made much difference if it
hadnt been for my wife.
E) It was very important for me that my wife was
always next to me, or lese, something would be
23) Be careful of the road for it is not the road it
used to be.
A) Beware of the road because it has been deformed
very much since you last drove on it.
B) I warn you about the road because it has changed
C) The road is so dangerous that it is inevitable
for you to have an accident.
D) As far as I know about the road, it has been
exposed to many deformations.
E) In the past, the road was more dangerous than
today; so it will be safer.
24) In terms of modern standards, the houses which
were built in the past are different from the ones
which have been built recently.
A) When we compare the houses with each other today,
we come across several contrasts among them.
B) By modern standards, the ancient houses are not
entirely separated from the new ones.
C) According to the modern standardization, there
are some similarities among the new and ancient
D) By modern standards, the recent houses are
distinguished from the ancient houses.
E) What makes difference among the houses is their
25) People think that the cars with high speed
capacity can go on the slope road very fast.
A) It is a generally assumption that a car with low
capacity in speed may break out on the long
B) That the cars of high speed capacity can climb
the mountainous road is a general idea of community.
C) It doesnt matter in fact whether the car has
high speed capacity or not for climbing the road.
D) According to great majority of people, cars with
high speed capacity can go on the slope very fast.
E) The cars of high speed capacity are thought to be
able to go fat on the slope.
26) When parents teach their children successful
problem-solving skills, they provide tools that will
help their children develop successful careers and
A) The parents who aim at having their children
acquire problem-solving skills are aware of the fact
that these abilities contribute much to their
careers in the future.
B) Provided that the children are given the skills
of solving problems by their parents, they will see
the benefit of this in their career and personal
relationship in the future.
C) With the help of problem-solving skills will the
children only be successful in their personal
relationships and careers.
D) It doesnt matter whether the children learn the
problem-solving skills in developing their careers.
E) When parents have their children acquire the
problem-solving skills, these children will
certainly be successful in their careers and
27) According to the last information, we are to
take precautions where and when necessary.
A) The recent information expects from us to take
precautions in the urgent time and place.
B) When and where it is essential, we were wanted to
take precautions depending on the information.
C) If we take care of the last information, we can
say that we need to take some precautions.
D) This recent information urges us that we should
take precautions in the essential time.
E) Wherever and whenever it is necessary, we have to
take precautions for the last information.
28) I will not drive fast through the countryside so
that I can get more pleasure from the beautiful
A) Unlike the other times, I will be driving slowly
in the lovely areas to appreciate the scenery.
B) You cannot expect me to drive fast through the
country which has a wonderful view.
C) The more slowly I drive through this scenery, the
more I might enjoy it.
D) Most often, I slow my car or even pull over
whenever I see a spectacular view.
E) I will take my time driving in the countryside to
enjoy the scenery better.
29) Much to Brians disappointment, most of the
members were opposed to the new offer.
A) That there were almost no members who supported
the new offer made Brian very disillusioned.
B) What disillusioned Brian was that the new offer
was rejected by all the members.
C) Brian was bitterly disappointed by the fact that
the new offer was entirely rejected by the members.
D) A majority of the members were disappointed by
the fact that Brian did not support the new offer.
E) There were many members who were opposed to
Brians new offer, which aroused great
30) No sooner had the plane departed for London than
its engines all stopped working.
A) One of the planes engines failed soon after it
had taken off from London.
B) The moment the plane left London, one of its
engines ceased to work.
C) Fortunately, the failure of the planes engines
happened just before its take-off.
D) The planes engines suddenly stopped just before
it set out to London.
E) Immediately after the plane had left for London,
all its engines failed.