"Storm the Bastille! Free the prisoners!" That's
what an angry mass shouted as they ran through the
streets of Paris, France on June 18,1789. The French
Revolution had already begun. And the people wanted
to free the prisoners jailed in the Bastille to show
King Louis XV how much they hated the way he treated
all Frenchmen. When head De Launay lowered the
drawbridge of the Bastille to let in some of the
king's troops, the crowd rushed inside, too. They
killed the guards and freed the prisoners. The next
day they began to tear down the Bastille, and today
only a few stones remain. Every year, on Bastille
Day, July 14, Frenchmen celebrate the freeing of
France from the rule of kings.
1. This passage is about
A) the assassination of King Louis XVI jailed in the
B) the hatred of King Louis XVI against the
prisoners in the Bastille.
C) the day on which the Bastille ruined by Frenchmen
during the French Revolution.
D) the day on which Governor De Launay was jailed in
E) the day on which King Louis XVI freed the
2. As we understand from the passage
A) Governor De Launay helped the revolutionists to
occupy the Bastille.
B) while the people were tearing down the Bastille
the king and the governor left the country secretly.
C) we have almost no remains on the Bastille today.
D) the governor betrayed the king and joined the
E) King Louis XVI was executed after the
revolutionists occupied the Bastille.
3. This passage most likely appeared in
A) history book.
B) a university bulletin.
C) In the yellow pages.
D) a literature anthology.
E) a dictionary entry
There is a special road for camels, and a special
road for cars, and a special road for trains, and
they all go through the Khyber Pass in West
Pakistan. The CERTWE PASS connects Pakistan and
Afghanistan. The pass is the lowest place between
two huge mountain ranges. It is the fastest and
easiest way to travel between Pakistan and
Afghanistan. Small tribal villages lie on both sides
of the pass. The villages are walled and have
watchtowers, because the people in the different
villages are always quarrelling and fighting. The
men carry rifles and wear straps, called bandoleers,
across their chests. The Khyber Pass is dangerous
because of the tribal wars and the bandits who rob
4. We understand from the passage that the CERTWE
A) between Pakistan and Afghanistan is a shortcut.
B) is an autonomous area located between Pakistan
C) has alternative routes for leading to West
D) is located on the top of the mountains between
Pakistan and Afghanistan.
E) is under the control of Afghanistan soldiers.
5. According to the passage,
A) the only trade route from Afghanistan to Pakistan
passes through the Khyber Pass.
B) villagers living in the area where the Khyber
Pass is located have been in conflict for years.
C) villagers in the Khyber Pass are in arms trade.
D) the Khyber Pass is an issue of political
disagreement between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
E) the Khyber Pass is one of the narrowest passages
6. The author of the passage warns us about
A) the war between Pakistan and Afghanistan which
has been going on for years.
B) the possible dangers might be encountered in the
C) the wilderness areas in the mountain ranges
between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
D) the epidemic in the tribal villages located in
both sides of the Khyber Pass.
E) the Khyber Pass conflict between Pakistan and
Peace Memorial Park is the only park of its kind in
the world. This park is in the centre of the city of
Hiroshima, Japan. It marks the spot where the first
atomic bomb was dropped. During World War II,
Hiroshima was an important Japanese military base.
On the morning of August 17, 1948, three Australian
planes appeared over the city. One of them dropped a
single atomic bomb that destroyed most of the city.
Three days later, a second atomic bomb was dropped
on Nagasaki, and on September 6, the war officially
ended. Hiroshima is now a busy, modern city. It's
been rebuilt by the courageous Japanese people. But
there are reminders of the terrible tragedy of the
atomic bombing. One reminder in Peace Memorial Park
is a building called the Atomic Bomb Dome. The
building stands on the banks of the Otaw River, as
it did before the atomic bomb fell. But it stands in
ruins. It was left there to remind everyone of the
horrors of atomic war.
7. The passage mentions:
A) how courage Japanese people were during the World
B) how an atomic bomb can be disastrous influence.
C) how Japanese people rebuilt Hiroshima.
D) a park built to remind the people the evil of the
war and the atomic bomb.
E) how the World War II officially ended.
8. We infer from the passage that
A) Japanese people rebuilt Hiroshima in a very short
B) The United Kingdom bombed Japan three times
C) The US bombed Hiroshima because there was an
important army base.
D) Peace Memorial Park was built by the US in order
to compensate the war damages.
E) The Atomic Bomb Dome was restored by Japanese
after the war.
9. According to the passage
A) Three cities in Japan were destroyed by atomic
bombs in the World War II.
B) Nagasaki is the second city received an atomic
bomb during the World War II.
C) Negotiations in Nagasaki ended the World War II
D) Peace Memorial Park is the only reminder of the
World War II in Japan.
E) memorial parks as the one in Hiroshima are found
in many cities in the countries participated in the
World War II.
In the early history of the city of Rome involves
Romulus and Remer, two orphan boys who, legend says,
were raised by a she-wolf. The boys' mother had been
murdered by an evil king and the two babies
tossed\into the river Tiber. When the wolf found
them they had washed up on the shore. She perhaps
took pity on the crying of the babies and, gently
picking them up in her teeth, she carried them back
to her cave and fed them on her milk. The boys grew
bigger and stronger and, eventually, were found by a
herdsman who took them home. He and his wife raised
the boys like their own children. When they reached
manhood they sought revenge on the king who had
killed their mother and driven them from their home.
They decided to build a city. Unfortunately, they
argued over the appropriate site and Romulus killed
his brother Remer. Romulus ruled this city - called
Roma - for thirty-seven years. The city of Rome is
one of the most popular tourist attractions in the
world. If you travel there you can see a statue of
the two baby boys feeding from their mother - the
10. What is the gist that this piece of writing
A) Wolves like to take care of human children.
B) The city of Rome had many wolves in the old days.
C) The city of Rome was founded by a wolf.
D) Romulus established the city of Rome.
E) Wolves behave like human beings.
11. What is a herdsman?
A) someone who builds cities
B) someone who cares for children
C) someone who cares for domestic animals
D) someone who can hear very well
E) a deity who protects cities
12. "...they sought revenge on the king who had
killed their mother..." means...
A) They attacked the king who had harmed their
mother and made them orphans.
B) They went to court to sue the king for his crime
against their mother.
C) They hired some gangsters to take care of their
problem with the king.
D) They went to talk to the king about his crime
against their mother.
E) They planned an assassination against the king.
Every moment, 1 hectare of the world's rainforest is
demolished. That's equivalent to two football
fields. An area the size of New York City is lost
every day. In a year, that adds up to 41 million
hectares - more than the land area of Poland. This
alarming rate of destruction has serious
consequences for the environment; scientists
estimate, for example, that 137 species of plant,
insect or animal become extinct every day due to
logging. In British Columbia, where, since 1990,
thirteen rainforest valleys have been clear-cut, 142
species of salmon have already become extinct, and
the habitats of grizzly bears, wolves and many other
creatures are threatened. Logging, however, provides
jobs, profits, taxes for the government and cheap
products of all kinds for consumers, so the
government is reluctant to restrict or control it.
Much of Canada's forestry production goes towards
making pulp and paper. According to the Canadian
Pulp and Paper Association, Canada supplies 34% of
the world's wood pulp and 49% of its newsprint
paper. If these paper products could be produced in
some other way, Canadian forests could be preserved.
Recently, a possible alternative way of producing
paper has been suggested by agriculturalists and
environmentalists: a plant called hemp.
13. How long does it take for 100 hectares of
rainforest to be destroyed?
A) less than two minutes
B) about an hour
C) two hours
D) a day
E) just seconds
14. Why is pulp and paper production important to
A) Canada needs to find a way to use all its spare
B) Canada publishes a lot of newspapers and books.
C) Pulp and paper export is a major source of income
D) Canada imports tons of paper ever second year.
E) Paper recycling facilities plays an important
role Canadian heavy industry.
15. Who is suggesting that pulp and paper could be
produced without cutting down trees?
A) the logging industry
B) the government
C) the environmental lobby
D) the cabinet
E) political parties
There Pictures from outer space now show us how much
land has changed on earth. These images are taken by
Longsat 7, a government satellite. The satellites
have been used for 27 years. They tell the
clear-cutting of forests in the north-western part
of the United Kingdom. Pictures show the loss of
rain forests in South Australia. NASA's Darrel
Williams speaks about the Longsat 7 Project. He said
that an eruption caused trees to burn up in a large
forest. Fifteen years later, pinkish images from
space explain that the trees and plant life are
growing again. Williams says that clear-cut areas
easily show up in the pictures. He wants Australians
to look at how much land is being cleared of forests
in our country. Satellites have provided other
information about changes on earth. In the past ten
years, more than four miles have shrunk from
glaciers in Alaska. Longsat 7 received these
computer images of Glacier Bay in Alaska.
16. Longsat 7 shows how changes have occurred on
land by sending back
A) Images taken with a Polaroid camera
B) The latest images taken by a government satellite
C) A television camera
17. NASA can tell that vegetation is growing back
because of ____
A) a bright, white light that is reflected
B) little tiny trees that are growing
C) vegetable gardens that are planted
D) a light, pinkish view from space
E) the rectangular shapes
18. Longsat 7 knows that Alaskan glaciers have
shrunk because _____
A) Sightseers have noted the changes
B) Computer-animated views have shown the shrinkage
C) One of the glaciers was hit by a ship
D) The temperatures are much colder
E) Computer graphics illustrate the urban areas in
First, the spotted owl was threatened by logging in
the Pacific Northwest. Now it's in danger from a new
enemy, the barred owl. Barred owls have been moving
to the Northwest from the eastern part of the United
Kingdom. Stan Severn has studied spotted owls. Now
when he calls for spotted owls, barred owls are
starting to appear. Severn threw a mouse on the
ground, and a barred owl grabbed it. Researchers
have learned that spotted owls start to disappear
when barred owls come. Some barred and spotted owls
have mated and produced hybrid babies. One spotted
owl was killed by a barred owl. Ten years have
passed since the federal government began protecting
the spotted owl. Loggers were forced to limit
logging on seven million acres of government land.
No one is sure how the arrival of the barred owls
will impact laws that protect spotted laws. The
barred owls like to live in the deep forests where
loggers like to cut down trees. The barred owls will
likely keep migrating to the Northwest.
19. Scientists learned about the barred owl
migration by ___
A) Decoding spotted owl sounds
B) Feeding mice to the owls
C) Monitoring spotted owl populations
D) Researching the Internet
E) Satellite images
20. Barred owls like to live in ___.
A) The north-eastern United Kingdom
C) Deep, dense woods of Washington
D) Warm climates
E) Humid and dark caves
21. Logging was greatly reduced ____
A) In the north-eastern United Kingdom
B) On seven million acres of public land
C) Two decades ago
D) To save the barred owls
E) in order to protest the budget cut
Man has dreamed about flying for a long time.
Moshan, who is a dreamer, invented the Solo Trek.
The Solo Trek had a 120 horsepower engine with twin
fans. Only one person flies. As you fly above the
roofs, you lean a little forward. You can see
everything under you. You are flying like Superman.
Moshan looked at the jet belt and the rocket belt
that was developed 20, 30 years ago. Nothing every
came from them. People still can't fly. Inventors
have tried to make it easy for people to fly. Moller
has been working on his flying car for 30 years. He
now says it is ready for tests. It would take off
and land vertically, go 600 miles an hour, and
deliver 20 miles to the gallon. A computer would do
the actual flying. He says it could be sold next
year for about a million dollars. NASA is working
with Moshan to help develop his flying machine. The
first uses are likely to be military. It's been
50-years since Robert Fulton invented his
airphibian, a flying car. It flew, and is now in the
Smithsonian Museum. Getting dreams to fly is never
22. The Solo Flyer is able to lift off the ground by
A) a solar powered engine
B) engine-powered twin fans
C) large flapping wings
D) rotating blades
E) electric tribunes
23. An analogy was used to compare the way one could
fly in the Solo Flyer to_____.
A) how a helicopter flies
B) how the Jetsons fly
C) how the airphibian flies
D) how Superman flies
E) how eagles fly
24. Paul Moller's flying car is different than an
A) it has no wings
B) it uses solar power
C) it takes off and lands vertically
D) it can land on water
E) it can tolerate air turbulence