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TEST – 32

Domino is an 18th century dress with a long hooded cloak, maybe derived from a kind of clerical hood, or the half mask with which it was generally worn. The term was also applied to a person who wore such a costume. The mast came into use with Italian Renaissance comedy, in which half masks were worn by such characters as Harlequin. The masks were later worn by aristocrats who did not wish to be recognized
when taking part in plays, and the half mask developed into a
disguise. Men and women who wore dominoes at masquerades and carnivals generally did so to remain incognito. The domino was also worn by women while travelling.

1. "Hood" is a(n).................................
a) folding waterproof top of a motor car, pram or carriage
b) a big hat made of fur with silk lining worn in cold
c) cover placed over a machine to protect it or to protect the
person using it
d) covering made of a variety of material used to hide the
e) covering for the head and neck, frequently fastened to a coat, etc. so that it can hang down at the back, or be detached, when not in use

2. The hood of the domino may have been enthused by
a) former hoods worn by clergymen
b) Italian Renaissance
c) Renaissance comedy
d) the hoods worn by noble people
e) the wearer of an 18th century cloak

3. "............................generally did so to remain incognito." "so" refers to .................
a) disguised themselves
b) wore dominoes with half masks
c) wished to be recognized
d) took part in masquerades and carnivals
e) behaved like aristocrats

Physiologically women may be more sensitive to environmental facts such as, stress, seasonal changes and social rank. And this responsiveness might help explain the high rates of depression among them. The symptoms of depression range from uncomfortable to debilitating: sleep disturbances, hopelessness, feeling of worthlessness, difficulty concentrating, exhaustion and sometimes even delusions. Few people realize just how common depression is, how severe it can be or that it is most prevalent among women. Today 20 % of the female population in the developed world suffer from depression.

4. The main thought of the text is……..
a) why women are more affected by changes in the
b) most people do not know how common depression
c) the symptoms of depression vary between a feeling of
uneasiness and exhaustion
d) men are not as sensitive to changes around them as
women are
e) the symptoms of depression and why women suffer more
from it

5. Which of the following is Not an indication of depression?
a) Feeling exhausted
b) Lack of sleep
c) Hallucination
d) Lack of self-esteem
e) Having false opinions and beliefs

6. In accordance with the text.................
a) The percentage of men who suffer from depression is
almost nil in developed countries
b) A woman suffering from depression cannot focus her
attention on anything for a long time
c) Only women are affected from seasonal changes
d) Women with depression may have hope for near future only
e) At present 20% of the female population in the world
suffer from the burden of depression

Although the cheetah is considered an efficient hunter, only
about half of its attempts to take prey are successful. The most common reason for this failure is early detection by the prey. Cheetahs do not take wind direction into account when stalking, and unlike hyenas, cheetahs do not attempt to single out handicapped or sick individuals.

7. We can conclude from the text that.................
a) efficiency in hunting may not mean killing all the prey an
animal is after
b) a cheetah may not find any food on windy days
c) animals suffering from a physical disability make easy
prey for a cheetah
d) hyenas never prefer to kill and eat sick prey
e) hyenas cannot be detected by handicapped or sick prey

8. Which of the following is Not true?
a) Cheetahs do not try to attack an animal suffering from an
b) When it sees its prey, the cheetah approaches it with slow
stiff strides.
c) The cheetah is easily noticed by most of its prey.
d) Detecting a cheetah is much easier for prey than detecting
a hyena.
e) It is impossible for prey to run away once a cheetah
decides to hunt it.

9. "Cheetahs do not take wind direction into account.... “refers to
a) it is difficult to find prey oh windy days
b) wind probably slows down cheetah's speed
c) wind helps prey to escape more easily
d) wind probably carries cheetahs' smell to their prey
and so they easily become aware of cheetahs' presence
e) it is likely that wind carries the smell of the prey away
and so cheetahs cannot find them

Whether you have a family member who is born or becomes
handicapped, or you yourself become disabled it is vital to
feel your grief for what could have been. Until you experience all your anger, sadness, fear and guilt over your lost dreams, you will be closed to the possible gifts offered by the new reality. It is a great challenge to live with your loss, especially if the diagnosis means further disablement, even death is likely. Regularly, it is not only the handicapped person who has lost his previous life - choices, but also his immediate family. However, so many handicapped people and their family members describe the wonderful love and aliveness that can be experienced in what may seem unlikely situations.

10. Which of the following titles would be suitable for
the text?
a) Living with Handicapped
b) If You Become Disabled
c) Unlikely Situations
d) Lost Life-Choices
e) Love and Aliveness

11. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a) If you become disabled one day, it will be only you to
suffer from it.
b) Feeling grief for the handicapped only makes matters
c) In some cases the condition of the disabled person may
get even more serious.
d) Fortunately disablement alone cannot cause death.
e) A person who has lost his dreams because of disablement
is to live alone all his life.

12. The author has used "previous life-choices" for.................
a) people born handicapped
b) people who do not take the challenge to live with their
c) people born disabled
d) family members who do not experience love and
e) people who become handicapped sometime later in their
In the palmy days of the '70s and '80s almost the entire working population in Libya was on the government payroll. The flow of oil revenues had ensured that the vast bulk of the population lived comfortably, even if no one put in much effort at their nine-to-two jobs before going home to sleep. Housing was practically free, and the government threw up endless apartment blocks and modern houses for all who needed them. Water and electricity came without charge. This unbounded largesse was already being trimmed back in the late '80s, but the sanctions, while not savage enough to cause misery on the scale of circumstances in Iraq, brought harder times. Soon there was a black market price for the Libyan dinar, which had long enjoyed rock-solid stability and it started to slide.

13. It is about.................
a) the fact that Libyan dinar has always been dependable
and stable
b) the economy of Libya at present
c) the wealth of working class in Libya in the 21st century
d) the apartment blacks and modern houses built between
1970 and 1980
e) the weakening of the economy starting from the 1980's in

14. Which of the following may have happened when the economy started to reject?
a) Prices of things such as, food, clothes dropped.
b) New free housing projects were put into practice.
c) The working population on government payroll weren't
affected at all.
d) Government salaries were frozen.
e) More people applied to work for the government.

15. Which of the following statements in Not correct?
a) The economy of Iraq was not affected as much as that of
Libya due to the sanctions.
b) Libyan population did not pay any money for the water
and electricity they used before the late 1980's.
c) The national income of Libya was mainly from the oil
between 1970 and 1980.
d) Only the people working for the government benefited
from the national revenue between 1970 and 1980.
e) We can infer that the population not only lived
comfortably but also quite lazily between 1970 and 1980
due to the prosperous economy of the country.

The common cold is a mild, contagious virus infection of the upper respiratory tract (nose, throat and larynx). The common cold is most prevalent during the winter. It is estimated that about 50% of all people acquire colds during the winter, while only about 20% are infected during the summer. The disease is also more prevalent among certain age groups. Pre-school children average from 6 to 12 colds a
year, while their parents have about 6 colds a year. Other adults average only 2 or 3 a year. The principal cause of the common cold is a group of 50 to 60 different viruses known as rhinoviruses. In addition to rhinoviruses, which seem to account for the majority of common colds, certain other viruses have also been associated with the disease. Since so many viruses cause the common cold, it is unlikely that artificial immunization, that is any medication to prevent it, will be probable for some time. A natural form of immunity does exist; but an individual must be infected with all of the many cold-producing viruses before he is truly immune to the disease. Evidence of natural immunity is the fact that colds occur less frequently in older persons. This is the result of immunity acquired from cold infections in the past. It also reflects their lessened contact with small children, a major
source of infection.

16. The common cold is more usually seen in................
a) people who are artificially immunized
b) people who become naturally immune to disease
c) parents with small children
d) small children
e) all adults

17. Artificial immunization to common cold will not protect a person from it all his life as.................
a) the common cold is not cause by one specific virus
b) there is no medication to fight against common cold
c) common cold is a very contagious virus infection
d) he or she will be now and then in contact with others with common cold
e) particularly because common cold is an infection of the
nose, throat and larynx

18. "The disease is also more prevalent among certain age
groups" refers to.................
a) certain age groups are likely to suffer from the disease
more frequently
b) the disease is milder as you get older
c) the disease can be really serious among certain age
d) the disease is not very common in adults
e) the disease lasts longer at a certain age

Art critics is the description, interpretation, and evaluation of works of art. Art criticism has been a distinct profession just since the 19th century. It grew from two modern institutions-commercial art galleries and newspapers. The art galleries, which first appeared in Paris when the French Academy was no longer able to handle all the work produced by French artists, provided a marketplace for works of art. The newspapers published articles about art for an interested audience. The gallery system and regular art criticism in newspapers freed painting from official patronage and made it a part of public life. Criticism differs from expertise and other kinds of art scholarship, even though the critic may call on specialist in X-ray, spectrograph, or other kinds of physical and chemical analysis to date a work of art or to determine the materials or method used in its production. Criticism often uses data from iconography and art history. Knowledge of artistic tradition is established by art history, and an artist's originality, for instance, is measured by the ways in which he departs from tradition. Criticism is not always verbal; museums and patrons who preserve and buy some works, and ignore or destroy others, are also engaged in criticism.

19. Commercial art galleries.................
a) had come into existence even before art criticism became
a profession
b) were started by French artists since the French
Academy was too busy to spare time for them
c) by the support of newspapers
d) were started by the French Academy when too many
artists started to produce piece of work for the Academy
to deal with
e) served the purpose of encouraging French artists without
any financial expectations at all

20. Which of the following is not correct?
a) Art galleries appeared as a part of marketplace in the 19th century.
b) Readers interested in painting welcomed the publishing
of articles of art in newspapers.
c) We can infer that art critics have never been as
specialized as experts of other kinds of art.
d) Help from other branches of science may be necessary to
date a piece of art.
e) Studying artistic tradition is with in the scope of art

21. Which of the following is not occupied openly in art criticism?
a) Newspapers
b) The French Academy
c) Museums
d) X-ray specialists
e) Influential people like patrons

Secularization as it has developed since, the Middle Ages has consisted in substituting for supernatural and technological explanations natural and reasonable ones. This change is one of the most profound affecting mankind and forms the basic of modern democratic government and of our scientific- technological age. In a society based on divine right of kings there could be no genuinely democratic government in the modern sense. Democracy is built on the idea that the individual has a right to judge political issues for himself.

22. According to the passage, with the rise of democracy ...........
A. supernatural ideas have given way to technological ones
B. scientific and technological progress has been neglected
C. secularization has lost its traditional meaning
D. the individual has lost many of his former rights
E. the traditional concept of the " divine rights of kings " has vanished

23. It is argued that the process of secularization........................
A. has had no impact on the concept of monarchy
B. goes back to pre-medieval times
C. has led to systems of democratic government
D. has no relevance to the exercise of individual rights
E. has failed to overcome superstition and magic

24. In the development of modern society......................
A. medieval institutions have not been neglected
B. democracy has been of little significance
C. technological supremacy has been the ultimate aim
D. the impact of secularization has been of fundamental
E. individual rights have been curtailed


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