Domino is an 18th century dress with a long hooded
cloak, maybe derived from a kind of clerical hood,
or the half mask with which it was generally worn.
The term was also applied to a person who wore such
a costume. The mast came into use with Italian
Renaissance comedy, in which half masks were worn by
such characters as Harlequin. The masks were later
worn by aristocrats who did not wish to be
when taking part in plays, and the half mask
developed into a
disguise. Men and women who wore dominoes at
masquerades and carnivals generally did so to remain
incognito. The domino was also worn by women while
1. "Hood" is a(n).................................
a) folding waterproof top of a motor car, pram or
b) a big hat made of fur with silk lining worn in
c) cover placed over a machine to protect it or to
person using it
d) covering made of a variety of material used to
e) covering for the head and neck, frequently
fastened to a coat, etc. so that it can hang down at
the back, or be detached, when not in use
2. The hood of the domino may have been enthused by
a) former hoods worn by clergymen
b) Italian Renaissance
c) Renaissance comedy
d) the hoods worn by noble people
e) the wearer of an 18th century cloak
3. "............................generally did so to
remain incognito." "so" refers to .................
a) disguised themselves
b) wore dominoes with half masks
c) wished to be recognized
d) took part in masquerades and carnivals
e) behaved like aristocrats
Physiologically women may be more sensitive to
environmental facts such as, stress, seasonal
changes and social rank. And this responsiveness
might help explain the high rates of depression
among them. The symptoms of depression range from
uncomfortable to debilitating: sleep disturbances,
hopelessness, feeling of worthlessness, difficulty
concentrating, exhaustion and sometimes even
delusions. Few people realize just how common
depression is, how severe it can be or that it is
most prevalent among women. Today 20 % of the female
population in the developed world suffer from
4. The main thought of the text is
a) why women are more affected by changes in the
b) most people do not know how common depression
c) the symptoms of depression vary between a feeling
uneasiness and exhaustion
d) men are not as sensitive to changes around them
e) the symptoms of depression and why women suffer
5. Which of the following is Not an indication of
a) Feeling exhausted
b) Lack of sleep
d) Lack of self-esteem
e) Having false opinions and beliefs
6. In accordance with the text.................
a) The percentage of men who suffer from depression
almost nil in developed countries
b) A woman suffering from depression cannot focus
attention on anything for a long time
c) Only women are affected from seasonal changes
d) Women with depression may have hope for near
e) At present 20% of the female population in the
suffer from the burden of depression
Although the cheetah is considered an efficient
about half of its attempts to take prey are
successful. The most common reason for this failure
is early detection by the prey. Cheetahs do not take
wind direction into account when stalking, and
unlike hyenas, cheetahs do not attempt to single out
handicapped or sick individuals.
7. We can conclude from the text
a) efficiency in hunting may not mean killing all
the prey an
animal is after
b) a cheetah may not find any food on windy days
c) animals suffering from a physical disability make
prey for a cheetah
d) hyenas never prefer to kill and eat sick prey
e) hyenas cannot be detected by handicapped or sick
8. Which of the following is Not true?
a) Cheetahs do not try to attack an animal suffering
b) When it sees its prey, the cheetah approaches it
c) The cheetah is easily noticed by most of its
d) Detecting a cheetah is much easier for prey than
e) It is impossible for prey to run away once a
decides to hunt it.
9. "Cheetahs do not take wind direction into
account.... refers to
a) it is difficult to find prey oh windy days
b) wind probably slows down cheetah's speed
c) wind helps prey to escape more easily
d) wind probably carries cheetahs' smell to their
and so they easily become aware of cheetahs'
e) it is likely that wind carries the smell of the
and so cheetahs cannot find them
Whether you have a family member who is born or
handicapped, or you yourself become disabled it is
feel your grief for what could have been. Until you
experience all your anger, sadness, fear and guilt
over your lost dreams, you will be closed to the
possible gifts offered by the new reality. It is a
great challenge to live with your loss, especially
if the diagnosis means further disablement, even
death is likely. Regularly, it is not only the
handicapped person who has lost his previous life -
choices, but also his immediate family. However, so
many handicapped people and their family members
describe the wonderful love and aliveness that can
be experienced in what may seem unlikely situations.
10. Which of the following titles would be suitable
a) Living with Handicapped
b) If You Become Disabled
c) Unlikely Situations
d) Lost Life-Choices
e) Love and Aliveness
11. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?
a) If you become disabled one day, it will be only
suffer from it.
b) Feeling grief for the handicapped only makes
c) In some cases the condition of the disabled
get even more serious.
d) Fortunately disablement alone cannot cause death.
e) A person who has lost his dreams because of
is to live alone all his life.
12. The author has used "previous life-choices"
a) people born handicapped
b) people who do not take the challenge to live with
c) people born disabled
d) family members who do not experience love and
e) people who become handicapped sometime later in
In the palmy days of the '70s and '80s almost the
entire working population in Libya was on the
government payroll. The flow of oil revenues had
ensured that the vast bulk of the population lived
comfortably, even if no one put in much effort at
their nine-to-two jobs before going home to sleep.
Housing was practically free, and the government
threw up endless apartment blocks and modern houses
for all who needed them. Water and electricity came
without charge. This unbounded largesse was already
being trimmed back in the late '80s, but the
sanctions, while not savage enough to cause misery
on the scale of circumstances in Iraq, brought
harder times. Soon there was a black market price
for the Libyan dinar, which had long enjoyed
rock-solid stability and it started to slide.
13. It is about.................
a) the fact that Libyan dinar has always been
b) the economy of Libya at present
c) the wealth of working class in Libya in the 21st
d) the apartment blacks and modern houses built
1970 and 1980
e) the weakening of the economy starting from the
14. Which of the following may have happened when
the economy started to reject?
a) Prices of things such as, food, clothes dropped.
b) New free housing projects were put into practice.
c) The working population on government payroll
affected at all.
d) Government salaries were frozen.
e) More people applied to work for the government.
15. Which of the following statements in Not
a) The economy of Iraq was not affected as much as
Libya due to the sanctions.
b) Libyan population did not pay any money for the
and electricity they used before the late 1980's.
c) The national income of Libya was mainly from the
between 1970 and 1980.
d) Only the people working for the government
from the national revenue between 1970 and 1980.
e) We can infer that the population not only lived
comfortably but also quite lazily between 1970 and
due to the prosperous economy of the country.
The common cold is a mild, contagious virus
infection of the upper respiratory tract (nose,
throat and larynx). The common cold is most
prevalent during the winter. It is estimated that
about 50% of all people acquire colds during the
winter, while only about 20% are infected during the
summer. The disease is also more prevalent among
certain age groups. Pre-school children average from
6 to 12 colds a
year, while their parents have about 6 colds a year.
Other adults average only 2 or 3 a year. The
principal cause of the common cold is a group of 50
to 60 different viruses known as rhinoviruses. In
addition to rhinoviruses, which seem to account for
the majority of common colds, certain other viruses
have also been associated with the disease. Since so
many viruses cause the common cold, it is unlikely
that artificial immunization, that is any medication
to prevent it, will be probable for some time. A
natural form of immunity does exist; but an
individual must be infected with all of the many
cold-producing viruses before he is truly immune to
the disease. Evidence of natural immunity is the
fact that colds occur less frequently in older
persons. This is the result of immunity acquired
from cold infections in the past. It also reflects
their lessened contact with small children, a major
source of infection.
16. The common cold is more usually seen
a) people who are artificially immunized
b) people who become naturally immune to disease
c) parents with small children
d) small children
e) all adults
17. Artificial immunization to common cold will not
protect a person from it all his life
a) the common cold is not cause by one specific
b) there is no medication to fight against common
c) common cold is a very contagious virus infection
d) he or she will be now and then in contact with
others with common cold
e) particularly because common cold is an infection
nose, throat and larynx
18. "The disease is also more prevalent among
groups" refers to.................
a) certain age groups are likely to suffer from the
b) the disease is milder as you get older
c) the disease can be really serious among certain
d) the disease is not very common in adults
e) the disease lasts longer at a certain age
Art critics is the description, interpretation, and
evaluation of works of art. Art criticism has been a
distinct profession just since the 19th century. It
grew from two modern institutions-commercial art
galleries and newspapers. The art galleries, which
first appeared in Paris when the French Academy was
no longer able to handle all the work produced by
French artists, provided a marketplace for works of
art. The newspapers published articles about art for
an interested audience. The gallery system and
regular art criticism in newspapers freed painting
from official patronage and made it a part of public
life. Criticism differs from expertise and other
kinds of art scholarship, even though the critic may
call on specialist in X-ray, spectrograph, or other
kinds of physical and chemical analysis to date a
work of art or to determine the materials or method
used in its production. Criticism often uses data
from iconography and art history. Knowledge of
artistic tradition is established by art history,
and an artist's originality, for instance, is
measured by the ways in which he departs from
tradition. Criticism is not always verbal; museums
and patrons who preserve and buy some works, and
ignore or destroy others, are also engaged in
19. Commercial art galleries.................
a) had come into existence even before art criticism
b) were started by French artists since the French
Academy was too busy to spare time for them
c) by the support of newspapers
d) were started by the French Academy when too many
artists started to produce piece of work for the
to deal with
e) served the purpose of encouraging French artists
any financial expectations at all
20. Which of the following is not correct?
a) Art galleries appeared as a part of marketplace
in the 19th century.
b) Readers interested in painting welcomed the
of articles of art in newspapers.
c) We can infer that art critics have never been as
specialized as experts of other kinds of art.
d) Help from other branches of science may be
date a piece of art.
e) Studying artistic tradition is with in the scope
21. Which of the following is not occupied openly in
b) The French Academy
d) X-ray specialists
e) Influential people like patrons
Secularization as it has developed since, the Middle
Ages has consisted in substituting for supernatural
and technological explanations natural and
reasonable ones. This change is one of the most
profound affecting mankind and forms the basic of
modern democratic government and of our scientific-
technological age. In a society based on divine
right of kings there could be no genuinely
democratic government in the modern sense. Democracy
is built on the idea that the individual has a right
to judge political issues for himself.
22. According to the passage, with the rise of
A. supernatural ideas have given way to
B. scientific and technological progress has been
C. secularization has lost its traditional meaning
D. the individual has lost many of his former rights
E. the traditional concept of the " divine rights of
kings " has vanished
23. It is argued that the process of
A. has had no impact on the concept of monarchy
B. goes back to pre-medieval times
C. has led to systems of democratic government
D. has no relevance to the exercise of individual
E. has failed to overcome superstition and magic
24. In the development of modern
A. medieval institutions have not been neglected
B. democracy has been of little significance
C. technological supremacy has been the ultimate aim
D. the impact of secularization has been of
E. individual rights have been curtailed