British towns suffer from the same traffic
congestion, noise and polluting fumes as all towns
in the western world, but as yet only London,
Newcastle, Glasgow and to a small extent Liverpool,
have useful railways going underground through the
central areas. Elsewhere there are plans for
building underground railways but they have little
hope of making any progress with them so long as
public expenditure is restricted. In general, the
north has better public transport than the south,
with cheaper and regular bus services using better
roads shared fewer cars.
1. As it is pointed out in the passage, most British
towns have no underground railway
a) as the system is felt to cause a great deal of
b) since the majority of people have their own
private means of transport.
c) as this is not felt to be a practical system
d) because there is not sufficient public money
available for such project.
e) simply because the people need no need for one.
2. We can understand from the passage
a) London has the most developed underground trains
system in Britain.
b) more people drive their own cars in the north
than in the south.
c) the north of Britain suffers less from traffic
problems than the south does.
d) the south of Britain enjoys cheap and highly
efficient bus services.
e) British cities have much less air pollution than
other cities in the west.
3. The author underground railways are a brilliant
means of transport since ................
a) they are a much cheaper means of transport than
b) they do not pollute the streets of a city with
noise and petrol fumes.
c) the building and maintenance of them is
d) the numbers who use them can easily be
e) the service offered on them are constantly being
England is famous for its gardens, and most people
like gardening. This is most likely one reason why
so many people prefer to live in houses rather than
in flats. Mainly in
suburban areas it is possible to pass row after row
of ordinary small houses, each one with its neatly
kept patch of grass surrounded by a great variety of
flowers and shrubs.
Enthusiasts of gardening get a great deal of helpful
advice from the television and magazines.
4. The passage stresses that, because many English
people are fond of gardening,
a) they don't want to live in suburban areas.
b) houses are more popular than flats.
c) they can spare little time for the television.
d) they price of land is constantly going up.
e) they grow the flowers but not grass and fruit
5. The passage emphasizes that people interested in
a) find it necessary to move to distant rural areas.
b) need large gardens in order to get satisfaction
c) are in minority in England.
d) get very little encouragement from the media.
e) are supplied with information and guidance by
both television and the press.
6. The passage is related to................
a) the increasing demand for new varieties of
flowers and shrubs.
b) the problems of gardening in suburban areas.
c) the new enthusiasm in gardening.
d) the enthusiasm of people in England for gardens
e) how to look after the grass in gardens.
Public libraries, maintained by the local
authorities, are well developed and progressive, and
everywhere allow people to borrow books without
charge. The books in the lending section are always
kept en open shelves, and library staffs are very
helpful in getting books on request from other
libraries through the exchange system. Most
libraries report an increase in borrowing over the
past few years, so television does not seem to be
stopped people from reading, as it was feared that
7. It is explained in the passage that any book that
is not available in one library
a) won't be available at any library.
b) can be brought from another.
c) discourages people from using libraries.
d) spoils the whole lending system of the public
e) should be reported to the librarian.
8. As emphasized in the passage, people
a) prefer entertaining programmes to reading.
b) are using public libraries more then they used
c) read a lot but don't use the libraries much.
d) complain a great deal about the poor service the
libraries are offering.
e) are using the exchange system less and less
9. The passage gives us the impression that public
a) charge more than is essential for the service
b) aren't any longer receiving any financial support
from local authorities.
c) are working extremely efficiently at present.
d) do not cooperate with each other at us all.
e) are understaffed and poorly equipped.
Fahrenheit is the system of measuring the
temperatures, how hot or cold something is, used by
many people in Britain. The freezing point of
Fahrenheit is 32 degrees. So a cold winter 's day in
Britain would have a temperature of 38' F (3'
centigrade), a hot summer's day would have a
temperature of 90' F (32'centiğrade). The Fahrenheit
scale was invented by the German scientist Gabriel
Fahrenheit in 1970. Today in Britain most system is
being used more and more. Weather forecasts on
television and in newspapers show temperature
in both scales.
10. It is revealed in the passage that me term
a) has retained its popularity among young people
b) is very rarely used in Britain today
c) refers to the scale of temperature between 32'
and 90' ,
d) is never used in weather forecasts
e) derives from the name of a German scientist
11. It is conveyed in the passage that in the long
run, the Celsius system
a) will be remembered only by the elderly
b) will soon fall into disuse
c) seem likely to be favoured by newspapers but not
d) will replace the Fahrenheit one
e) derives form the name of a German scientist
12. The passage talks about...............
a) two different system of measuring the temperature
b) the advantages of the Fahrenheit scale over the
c) the scientific research carried out by Gabriel
d) the range in temperature to be found in the
e) the declining popularly of the Celsius scale in
The Falklands are a group of small islands in the
South Atlantic near Argentina, with a population of
1,200 British citizens. They have been British
territory since 1892.Disputes about who owns the
islands go back to the eighteenth century. Argentina
has long alleged that these islands, which they call
the Malvinas, belong to them. They occupied the
islands in April 1982 and the Falklands War lasted
till July 1982 when British forces won them back,
the Falklands War had an massive impact on Britain
and is still
controversial. Some people see it as a restoration
of Britain's old imperial power.
13. It is pointed out in the passage that both
Britain and Argentina..
a) were reluctant to start the Falklands War
b) regard the Falkland as their own territory,
c) realise that these islands are of no importance
d) prefer to use the name "Malvinas" for these
e) only laid claim to the islands after 1892
14. It is clearly indicated in the passage that the
a) was being fought on and off, between 1892 and
b) was largely ignored by the British public
c) showed how right Argentina was in claiming the
d) was followed by a withdrawal of most British
citizens from the islands
e) broke out after the Islands were invaded by
15. One may infer from the passage that, even today.
Britain s hold over the Falklands
a) is regarded as politically and economically
unnecessary by everyone in Britain
b) could, in all likelihood, lead to another war
between Britain and other powers
c) causes more problems than benefits to the British
d) is felt by some people to be a continuation of
the British imperial rule
e) has not been accepted anywhere but in Argentina.
On a cow-calf ranch the first job of the summer
starts after the spring branding when the calves are
turned out. Freshly worked calves go through a
period of stress which may last only a few days or
up to a week Stress is caused by several factors;
loss of blood, the shock of dehorning and castration
soreness and even a reaction to the vaccine. In
small calves the stress is usually not severe. Their
horns are small and the surgery that removes them is
not radical and the same holds true of their
castration so they don't lose much blood and don't
suffer much shock. For several days they may lie
around, their heads will be sore, and they may not
drink much milk. But after that they bounce right
back and are healed in a week's time. The healing
process takes longer with larger calves, and they
are the ones most vulnerable to stress. One day a
nice, fat steer calf is walking slowly or lying off
to himself, which you expect to see in a large calf
that is stiff and sore. Then the following day you
find him dead. You can never be sure absolutely what
it was that killed him, but you assume it had
something to do with stress.
16. Cutting off the horns of calves and their
a) are the second procedure to be carried out in the
spring after branding
b) lead to an awful loss of blood that generally
causes the calf to fall unconscious
c) leaves them in a period of distress that lasts a
few days and sometimes results
d) do not give as much suffering to large calves as
making them steer
e) are carried out before large calves are
vaccinated against cow diseases
17. Small calves suffer less severe pain and are
healed in a shorter time...................
a) because the operation which removes the horns and
makes them steer is less
complicated and painful
b) if they are vaccinated against mad cow disease
just after the Spring ends
c) as they experience just headaches unlike larger
ones lying in a coma for days
d) merely because they don't suffer much shock
e) as they have fully grown new horns in a matter of
18. Larger calves are more susceptible to stress
than smaller ones,...................
a) since one day they look pretty fine but the next
day they die quite unexpectedly
b) or else so many of them wouldn't die for no
c) having no chance of renewing their removed horns
and sex organs
d) yet they don't have to nurse their young calves
though they are in distress
e) so they recover from the operations later, and
more unexpected deaths occur in them
Japan is a nation built completely on the tips of
giant, sub oceanic volcanoes. Little of the land is
flat and suitable for agriculture. Terraced
hillsides make use of every available square foot of
arable land. Small homes built very close together
further conserve the land. Japan also suffers from
natural disasters such as earthquakes and
hurricanes. Conventionally homes are made of light
construction materials, so a house falling down
during a disaster will not crush its occupants and
also can be quickly arid inexpensively rebuilt.
During the feudal period until the Meiji restoration
of 1868, each feudal lord sought to restrain his
subjects from moving from one village to the next
for fear that a neighbouring lord might amass enough
peasants with which to produce a large agricultural
surplus, hire an army and pose a threat. Apparently
bridges were not commonly built across rivers and
streams until the late nineteenth century since
bridges increased mobility between villages.
19. Rough terrain makes the land
a) as the lava from the volcanoes has covered the
topsoil for thousands of years
b) which keeps the Japanese scarcely over the
c) yet colossal buildings of light materials remote
to one another provide more arable land
d) so intensive cultivation has become
characteristic of Japan, which uses every
bit of land except for the barren hillsides
e) although the production methods of the Japanese
20. Before the Meiji restoration of
a) homes were conventionally built of light
materials like bricks
b) the lords were very strict with their subjects
not leaving the boundaries of their village
c) the bridges were important since they provided
easier passage and transport of goods between
d) whoever managed to gather the most peasants would
be given the new ownership of a village
e) the entire country was totally destroyed by
hurricanes and volcanic eruptions
21. If traditional homes were built of heavy
a) they pose an enormous problem to the arable land
and their inhabitants
b) they would overlap one another whenever a quake
occurs on a hillside
c) there would be a greater loss of lives and money
after a natural disaster
d) earthquakes couldn't knock them down so easily
e) terraced hillsides wouldn't lose so much topsoil
If any country ever rivalled France's own passion
about the French language, it was Vietnam. They did
not share their former colonial master's veneration
of French as one of civilisation's crowning glories.
The emerging Francophone nation of Vietnam has one
small difficulty: hardly any of its people want to
learn French. The lingua franca of world trade, in
Vietnam as elsewhere, is English. At every level of
Vietnam's educational system, students learning
English outnumber those studying French roughly 10
to .1. Not even the most ardent Francophiles see
much hope of reversing that ratio. "We are not crazy
enough to think French can replace
English," concedes Alain Fleury, the French
embassy's cultural counsellor. France's first
priority in Vietnam is only to keep the language
from becoming extinct.
22. It is inferred from the passage
a) French has fallen into disuse in Vietnam.
b) the lingua franca is no more used in Vietnam.
c) there is no one in Vietnam who can speak French.
d) Vietnam has never been a Francophone nation.
e) English is the least commonly spoken language in
23. In Vietnam the number of students learning
a) is smaller than learners of French
b) regards French as the lingua franca of the world
c) is ten times as big as those learning French
d) is restricted to those learning this language
e) gives clues about those who want to reverse the
ratio of 10 to 1.
a) has no cultural ties with France
b) is full of people eager to learn French
c) has always had hostile politics towards France
d) is ruled by France
e) was a colony of France before