It isn't known when and where it all began, but
throughout the ages and in the most diverse of all
societies, precious stones have held an almost
mystical power and significance. They shone round
the necks and embellished the fingers of the ancient
Egyptians; they gleamed from the turbans of great
Mogul emperors and they were centrally the myth of
the Holy Grail. From the earliest times than,
precious stones have gained a value far beyond and
rational assessment of their worth. Some of the
best-known gems were deemed so valuable that they
financed large armies; others led men to torture and
murder, or literally changed the destinies of whole
1. Precious stones are of much value for man
a) they are thought to be valuable and mysterious
b) they may be used as a financial source.
c) they are thought to have a historical value.
d) not many people can buy them.
e) nobody knows their mystical power.
2. Precious stones are concluded to ..............
a) have been the most important part of life
throughout the history.
b) have destroyed many civilizations.
c) be the most necessary objects for happiness.
d) have been ornaments mostly used by kings and
e) to be as old as history.
3. The passage concerns with ............. .
a) the power of precious stones
b) the valuable stones
d) the damnation of precious stones.
e) the mystery of precious stones
British cinema increasingly became a
bargain-basement imitation of Hollywood. Instead of
five large companies dominating production,
distribution and exhibition, as in the U.S. it had
two: Rank and ABPS Producers were so busy fighting
their own corner, and so mesmerized by the success
of Hollywood that they didn't have the strength to
argue that keeping the industry fragmented and
flexible learning from Hollywood's example without
simply imitating its outward forms, might be a
better way catering for a market the size of Britain
than heading up the road of monopoly.
4. The author expresses that film makers in Britain
a) always compete with Americans
b) don't produce films solely of their own
c) don't make good films
d) see the cinema as a monopoly.
e) are leading the film industry to a negative way.
5. The author indicates that producers should keep
the film industry alive by ............. .
a) making as many films as they can.
b) keeping in touch with the latest developments.
c) watching Hollywood films.
d) taking other producer's opinion.
e) giving the priority to the quality of films.
6. Which of the following is not expressed in the
a) Producers are fighting their own corner.
b) There are no other good companies except for Rank
and ABPC in the world
c) The British film industry should be developed
d) The British should make use of Hollywood's
e) The British producers imitate Hollywood.
When it was formed millions years ago the earth was
a liquid. It is still having the process of cooling
and many miles below the hard crust is still hot.
However, in some places the heat is closer to the
crust. These places are associated with volcanic
activity or hot sulphur springs. Drilling deep into
the earth's crust we can reach rocks that are much
warmer than those at the surface. Pumping water down
into contact with these rocks and extracting the
steam so produced is a source of energy that can be
used to produce electricity. It is called geothermal
7. It is expressed in the passage that under the
hard surface of the earth, there ............. .
a) exists a hot core which can be used as energy
b) is a hot liquid layer which has never been
c) seems to be a great deal of volcanic activity
which threatens life
d) could be a number of hot sulphur springs, the
main cause of volcanic activity.
e) has never been sufficient heat to melt rocks
8. In accordance with the passage, geothermal energy
a) can be produced both plentifully and cheaply
b) has been used by man for millions of years
c) is a bi-product of extensive volcanic activity
d) is obtained from the contact of water with the
hot. rocks below the earth's surface
e) is recognized as the only form of energy that
will never be used up
9. We can conclude from the passage that the earth's
a) has completely stopped the process of cooling
b) is a constant source of energy
c) is not suitable for drilling
d) is constantly warming and cooling due to volcanic
e) varies in thickness from place to place
The Japanese have a special method for making
decisions. They call it the consensus system. This
is how it works. When a firm is thinking of taking a
certain action, it encourages workers at all levels
to discuss the proposal and give their opinions. The
purpose is to reach consensus (general agreement).^
As soon as everyone agrees on the right course of
action, the decision is taken. Due to this method, a
group of workers, rather than one person, is
responsible for company policies. One advantage of
this is that decisions come from a mixture of
experience from the top to the bottom of an
enterprise, another advantage is that junior staff
frequently suggest ideas for change. A disadvantage,
perhaps, is that decision-making cannot be fast.
10. In view of the explanation shown in the passage,
system ............. .
a) can be explained as a collective decision making
b) has a number of drawbacks that cannot be
c) is falling out of favour as a result of the
d) gives undue importance to the views of the junior
e) has already caused the laying off of numerous
11. It is expressed in the passage that, with the
Japanese style of decision making in industry
a) policies can go into effect faster
b) the working conditions are improved much more
c) the interaction between the management and the
workers has reached a low ebb
d) the workers find themselves at the mercy of their
e) it tends to take a long time before any action is
12. In accordance with the passage, the most
striking feature of the Japanese consensus system is
a) decisions are taken fast and accurately
b) the introduction of changes into a firms
policy-making is more or less impossible
c) it is the point of view of management that
d) everyone, from the top to the bottom, in a firm
has a fair ' share in decision-making process.
e) workers are rejected to have the right to discuss
proposals in detail.
Rabies is a very frightening disease because once
symptoms have developed it is always fatal. The
disease is carried by a virus and it affects many
species of animals, particularly dogs, foxes and
bats. In Britain no indigenous case of human rabies
has been reported since 1902 but it is widespread
among animals in most parts of the world.
Unfortunately in the last 30 years the disease has
been spreading across Europe from the East,
especially in foxes, and has now reached Northern
France, For this reason strict animal quarantine
laws are in force in Britain and it is rightly
regarded as a serious offence to attempt to evade
13. As it is expressed in the passage, what makes
rabies so dangerous a disease is that.............
a) very few people can recognise the symptoms
b) quarantine regulations concerning the disease are
disregarded by most people.
c) as soon as it manifests itself in the patient it
is already too late for any treatment
d) it is now threatening the whole of Europe from
France to England.
e) during the last thirty years it seems to have
become indigenous even in England.
14. The passage expresses that the British
government has already taken strict measures to
a) ban the import of animals from France and other
b) encourage the keeping of pets in Britain
c) make sure that no rabies enters the country
d) deal with the recent outbreaks of rabies,
especially in foxes in Britain
e) ensure that rabies patients will receive
15. It is obviously stated in the passage that, for
nearly a century,
a) thanks to new diagnostic techniques rabies has
been confined to dogs, foxes and bats
b) rabies has been one of the mast frightening
diseases in Europe
c) strict quarantine laws have been effective in
d) there have been remarkable advances made in the
treatment of rabies
e) no one in Britain has contracted rabies.
When we turn to the problem of fishing, we see that
through a UN Convention on the Law of the Sea, the
world's countries have indicated that they recognize
the risks of over-fishing, Nations can now declare
200 mile exclusive economic areas and exclusive
fishing areas and control the catch at a level that
is reasonable. Developing nations seem to be
beginning to benefit from the new fisheries regime
which offers the promise of allowing them to manage
resources for optimum, that is long-term, benefits.
16.We can conclude from the passage that the
statutory measures taken by the UN, regarding
fishing, ............. .
a) are unlikely to be abided by, at least not in the
b) have been welcomed by all the member nations
c) have had no beneficial impact on the situation
d) came into effect too late
e) have unfortunately served the interests of only
the developed nations
17. One major benefit arising out of the 200-mile
exclusive fishing zone is as we conclude from the
passage, to ............. .
a) to supply best use of the marine resources
through international cooperation
b) keep under control the amount offish caught
c) ensure that an ever increasing quantity offish
shall be caught
d) guide developing countries to develop their
e) prevent new fisheries from coming into being
18. It is expressed in the passage that in the
management of fisheries
a) one cannot make a plan for the future
b) no consideration should be given to the amount of
c) the introduction of restrictive measures should
d) one should give importance to future rather than
to present gains
e) the 200-mile zone policy can be ignored.
General policy in Johoria has traditionally favoured
foreign investment, Leaders of all political parties
have been virtually unanimous in their belief that
foreign investment in Johoria would contribute to
speeding that country's economic development, a
major priority of both the ruling coalition and
opposition parties. Of special interest to the
government were those industries that exported a
significant share of their total production. Since
Johoria had a relatively small population, there was
a limit to the amount of goods that could be
produced for the local market. Also, the government
did not want to encourage foreign companies to
compete with local industry although new industries
might alleviate the already high unemployment rate.
19. The passage is connected with ..............
a) general economic policy of the world.
b) how to provide employment
c) the economics of developing countries
d) attracting foreign investment
e) foreign investment and economic development in
20. It can be understood that the aim of the
government is to .............
a) decrease foreign investment
b) protect local industry from competition with
c) improve a theory of foreign investment
d) increase unemployment benefits for workers
e) increase the indigenous population of Johoria
21. The word "alleviate" could best be substituted
by which of the following?
One of the most significant problems in teaching
handwriting is presented by the left-handed child.
The traditional policy has been to attempt to
.induce all children to write with their right
hands. Parents and teachers alike have an antipathy
to the child's using her left hand. On the other
hand, psychologists have shown beyond a doubt that
some persons are naturally left-handed and that it
is much more difficult for them to do any skilful
act with the right hand than with the left hand. In
addition, some believe that to compel a left-handed
child to write with his right hand may make him
nervous and may cause stammering. There seem to be
some cases in which this is true, although in the
vast majority of children who change over, no ill
effects are observed. Furthermore, left-handedness
sometimes seems to cause mirror writing - writing
from right to left - and reversals in reading as
reading "was" for "saw".
22. The passage is connected with ............. .
a) teaching handwriting
b) nervous aspects connected with handwriting
c) the problems of the left-handed children
d) a special problem in teaching handwriting
e) stammering, mirror writing and reversals
23. The author points out that............. .
a) parents should break children of left-handedness
b) left-handed children need special consideration
c) left-handed persons are inclined to stutter
d) left-handed people are less skilful than
e) left-handed persons are not cleverer than
24. The common policy in teaching handwriting has
a) led to failure in learning to write
b) dismayed the experts
c) goaled at mirror writing
d) made many children skilful with both hand
e) resulted in unsolved problems