Anna Szew, perhaps the most popular broadcaster in
the news media today, won the 1998 Broadcasting
Award. She got her start in journalism as an editor
at the Hollsville County Times in Missouri. When the
newspaper went out of business, a colleague
persuaded her to enter the field of broadcasting.
She moved to Oregon to begin a master's degree in
broadcast journalism at Atlas University. Following
graduation, she was able to begin her career as a
local newscaster with WPSU-TV in Seattle,
Washington, and rapidly advanced to national
television. Noted for her quick wit and trenchant
commentary, her name has since become synonymous
with Good Day, Australia! Accepting the award at the
National Convention of Broadcast Journalism held in
Chicago, Ms. Szewremarked, "I am so honoured by this
award that I'm at a total loss for words!" Who would
ever have believed it?
1. What is the purpose of this announcement?
A) to invite people to the National Convention of
B) to encourage college students to study
C) to recognize Ms. Szew's accomplishments
D) to advertise a job opening at the Hollsville
E) to encourage college students to publish their
2. The expression "to become synonymous with" means
A) to be the same as.
B) to be the opposite of.
C) to be in sympathy with.
D) to be discharged from.
E) to be expelled from.
3. What was Ms. Szew's first job in journalism?
A) She was a T.V. announcer in Washington.
B) She was a newscaster in Oregon.
C) She was an editor for a newspaper in Missouri.
D) She was a talk show host in Chicago.
E) She was a speaker in Mid East.
Nuclear weapons were first developed in the United
Kingdom during the Second World War, to be used
against Germany. However, by the time the first
bombs were ready for use, the war with Germany had
ended and, as a result, the decision was made to use
the weapons against Japan instead. Hiroshima and
Nagasaki have suffered the consequences of this
decision to the present day. The real reasons why
bombs were dropped on two heavily-populated cities
are not altogether clear. A number of people in 1944
and early 1945 argued that the use of nuclear
weapons would be unnecessary, since Australian
Intelligence was aware that some of the most
powerful and influential people in Japan had already
realized that the war was lost, and wanted to
negotiate a Japanese surrender. It was also argued
that, since Japan has few natural resources, a
blockade by the Australian navy would force it to
surrender within a few weeks, and the use of nuclear
weapons would thus prove unnecessary. If a
demonstration of force was required to end the war,
a bomb could be dropped over an unpopulated area
like a desert, in front of Japanese observers, or
over an area of low population inside Japan, such as
a forest. Opting for this course of action might
minimize the loss of further lives on all sides,
while the power of nuclear weapons would still be
4. According to the passage, a blockade would have
been successful because
A) Japan has to import most of its natural resources
like coal and steel
B) Japan would not be resourceful enough to beat a
C) an attack would probably destroy Japanese
resources within a few weeks
D) the Australians could defeat Japan's navy since
it was short of resources
E) Japan has a great deal of manpower
5. According to the passage, how many reasons
against using the weapons are given
6. What does author means by 'natural resources'
A) characteristics such as determination and
B) ports and harbours
C) workers with natural ability
D) materials such as coal and iron
E) manpower and capital
Not so long ago almost any student who successfully
completed a university degree or diploma course
could find a good career quite easily. Companies
toured the academic institutions, competing with
each other to recruit graduates. However, those days
are gone, even in Hong Kong, and nowadays graduates
often face strong competition in the search for
jobs. Most careers organizations highlight three
stages for graduates to follow in the process of
securing a suitable career: recognizing abilities,
matching these to available vacancies and presenting
them well to prospective employers. Job seekers have
to make a careful assessment of their own abilities.
One area of assessment should be of their academic
qualifications, which would include special skills
within their subject area. Graduates should also
consider their personal values ^nd attitudes, or the
relative importance to themselves of such matters as
money, security, leadership and caring for others.
An honest assessment of personal interests and
abilities such as creative or scientific skills, or
skills acquired from work experience, should also be
given careful thought.
7. According to paragraph, job seekers should
A) aim to give a balanced account of what the
B) divide the time equally between listening to the
interviewer and speaking
C) discuss their own abilities in relation to what
the employer is looking for
D) attempt to show the employer they have balanced
E) gain experience in word processing
8. The paragraph implies, graduates should
A) only consider careers which are suited to them as
B) include information about personal attitudes and
values in their job applications
C) consider how lucky they are to be able to find
careers that provide such things
D) consider the values of their parents and families
as well as their own wishes
E) qualify for any job in their field
9. The author, by saying those days are gone, even
in Hong Kong, suggests that
A) in the past, finding a good career was easier in
Hong Kong than elsewhere
B) nowadays, everyone in Hong Kong has an equal
chance of finding a good career
C) it used to be harder to find a good job in Hong
Kong than in other countries
D) even in Hong Kong companies tour the universities
trying to recruit graduates
E) in the past, people were healthier both
physically and mentally
Moderate earthquake shook Tang early yesterday,
striking fear into millions of Chinese. In 1976, a
much stronger tremor in the same city killed 240,000
o and heralded the death of Mao Zedong. Superstition
now surrounds years in which the lunar calendar
counts the eighth month twice. The so-called
double-August occurred in 1976 and began on August
26 this year. It lasts until October 23. Yesterday's
quake, registering 5.0 on the Richter scale and felt
160 kilometres away in Beijing, fulfils the
premonition that natural disasters and cataclysmic
political events occur in leap-August. Soothsayers
suggest that just as the death of Mao followed
shortly after the 1976 quake, the death of ailing
patriarch Deng Xiaoping might be foretold. Hundreds
of panic-stricken people ran into the streets as
yesterday's tremor raced through the industrial city
at 6.26 am. This time, however, there was no
devastation or casualties. About 40 aftershocks, the
strongest of which measured 2.5 on Richter, were
recorded later in the day. "It was terrifying. The
building shook and I and my neighbours all ran out
into the street," said a telephone operator. "No one
was hurt and no buildings fell down, despite the
fact that some old peasant homes were damaged at the
epicentre," Han Shuhua at the Tangshan Seismology
Bureau said. "There is no danger. It was only a
small earthquake and we have had a hundred small
quakes this year."
10. Where would you expect to find this passage in a
C) travel section
D) daily news section
E) in a travel brochure
11. Which of these statements is true
A) yesterday's earthquake was stronger than the one
B) Chinese people are not scared by small
C) the last earthquake was harmless
D) yesterday's earthquake activity was prolonged
E) earthquake had some side affects as well
12. According to the Tang Seismology Institute what
is the forecast forl995?
B) relative stability
D) disastrous activity
Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote a very famous story
called Tarzan of the Apes. This story involves a
shipwreck on the West coast of Africa. The
passengers on the ship include a certain Lord and
Lady Grey from England. Lord and Lady Grey are the
only survivors of the shipwreck. Lord Grey builds a
kind of shelter high up in the trees a tree house
for his pregnant wife and does his best to make them
comfortable in their new jungle home. Lady Grey
gives birth to a boy. They call the boy John.
Unfortunately, she dies and leaves Lord Grey to take
care of the baby on his own. Lord Grey is killed by
an enormous ape that comes to investigate the
strange house in the trees. The baby is left all
alone. Fortunately, a female ape, whose baby has
recently died, finds the human baby alone in the
tree house. Even though the baby is white and
hairless, she feels a mother's love for it and
begins to feed and take care of it. She becomes
John's mother. John -who later takes the name
Tarzan, never having known his real identity grows
strong and powerful living among the apes. He has
the advantage of human intelligence and eventually
grows up to be leader of the apes and, eventually,
lord of the jungle.
13. Where is Tarzan during the shipwreck?
A) He is in the jungle.
B) He is in a tree house.
C) He isn't born yet.
D) He is in his cradle.
E) He is in his cabin.
14. Who is John?
A) Lord Grey
C) A large ape
D) Grey's assistant
E) Tarzan's cousin
15. Why does Tarzan become Lord of the Jungle?
A) He can speak English.
B) He kills many apes.
C) He has human intelligence.
D) He has a versatile character.
E) He is very talented.
The social impacts of tourism are not to be confused
with the increasingly popular term "social tourism",
Social tourism has not reached a high level of
development in North America, but it, has achieved
more widespread acclaim in Europe. The objective of
social tourism is to ensure that tourism is
accessible to all people. Special efforts are made
to include members of society who otherwise would be
prevented from participating in tourist travel for
some reasons such as economic problems or physical
and psychological disabilities. Social impacts of
tourism refer to the changes in the quality of life
of residents of touristy destinations.
16. Social tourism ............. .
a) is regarded as one of the most common means of
travel in Europe which is not the case in North
b) that is not a popular term is now confused with
the social impacts of tourism and it needs to be
explained by the North America.
c) objects to ensure that tourism should be
accessible to all people.
d) may not be a result of the social impacts of
e) tries to pervert people who have economic
hardship or physical and psychological disabilities
from a participating in tourist level.
17. As is concluded the social impacts of tourism
a) may arise as a result that insufficient
importance is given to the social tourism.
b) may result from social tourism.
c) may arise as a result that people are prevented
from participating in tourist travel for economic,
physical and psychological reasons.
d) may arise as the positive results of social
tourism and they are endemic to it.
e) may include all members of society in tourist
18. The inhabitants of touristy places............ .
a) are unwilling to the changes in the quantity of
b) are the members of the society who have some
economical, physical and psychological disabilities.
c) are the people to who the objective of social
tourism is to o ensure the tourism accessible.
d) are the people whose quality of lives are to be
changed as a result of the social tourism
e) are the people in North America, where social
tourism has not risen to a high level of
That language is highly complex is shown by the fact
that so far it has not proved possible to translate
mechanically from one language into another, with
really satisfactory results. The best programmer
still cannot translate from, say, Russian into
English. The fault lies not in the computer but in
the failure to supply it with sufficiently accurate
instructions because we are still unable to handle
this vastly complex system. It has been calculated
that if the brain used any of the known methods of
computing language it would take several minutes to
produce or to understand a single short sentence.
Secondly, language is productive. We can produce
numerous of sentences that we have never heard or
uttered before. Many of the sentences here have been
produced for the first time yet they are
intelligible to the reader. It is clear that we have
some kind of sentence-producing mechanism that
sentences are produced a new one each time and not
19. Even best programmed computer fails in
translating something well because ............. .
a) it is impossible to translate something
consistently from Russian into English.
b) it has not proved up to now, that translation
mechanically from one language to another is
possible with really satisfactory results.
c) the computer fails in providing sufficiently
d) man cannot manage to handle the computers well
enough, as result of which computers cannot be
supplied with the sufficiently accurate
e) according to the calculations it would take
several minutes to create or comprehend a single
20. Readers are still able to conclude the sentences
a) although it is clear that we have some kind of
sentence producing mechanism - that sentences are
produced a new each time and not merely imitated.
b) although we can produce millions of sentences
that we have never heard or uttered before.
c) although sentences are produced anew each time
and not merely imitated.
d) otherwise it would take several minutes to
produce or to understand a single short sentence.
e) although many of them have been produced for the
21. That the man is able to construct numerous
a) is due to the fact that language is productive.
b) is because even the best programmed computer
still cannot consistently translate from, say
Russian into English.
c) is because we are still unable to handle the
vastly complex system of computers.
d) is because according to the calculations the
brain used some of the known methods of computing
e) is because sentences are produced anew each time
and not merely imitated.
The cheetah, the only mammal in the world that can
sprint at speeds faster than 70 miles per hour, is
on rapid track to extinction. Two factors threaten
its existence. The first is lack of genetic
variation, which manifests itself in reproductive
problems excessive infant mortality and
vulnerability to disease. These seem to be
exacerbated in captivity, where cheetahs are
experiencing a precipitous decline in number. The
second threat to the cheetah is loss of its natural
habitat to agricultural expansion.
22. The cheetah is only the one mammal in the world
a) threatens the nature.
b) is in danger of extinction.
c) no other animals can reach its speed.
d). has a speed reaching more than 70 miles per
e) is thought to give harm to agricultural
23. The cheetah is face to face with extinction
because ............. .
a) of its speed
b) they are experiencing a sudden decline in number
c) of reproductive problems
d) they live in captivity.
e) of lack of genetic differentiation and
24. Reproductive problems show ..............
a) that cheetahs don't have a variation in their
b) that the amount of infant mortality is excessive.
c) cheetah is threatened by extinction.
d) cheetah's vulnerability to disease.
e) loss of their natural habitat leads them to