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TEST – 14

Twenty thousand years ago, the Earth was held in thrill by relentlessly probing fingers of ice that drew power from frigid strongholds in the north and crept south-westward to bury forests, fields, and mountains. Landscapes that were violated by the slowly moving glaciers would carry the scars of this advance far into the future. Temperatures plummeted, and land surfaces in many parts of the world were depressed by the unrelenting weight of the thrusting ice. At the same time, so much water was drawn from the oceans to form these gargantuan glaciers that sea levels around the world fell by three hundred and fifty feet, and large areas of the continental shelf became dry land. This period of the Earth's history has come to be called the Ice Age. In all, about eleven million square miles of land were covered with ice. The Ice Age terminated about fourteen thousand years ago when the ice sheets began to retreat. It took about seven thousand years for the ice to retreat to its present level.

1.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage ?
A) The Frigid Strongholds of the North.
B) The Effects of the Ice Age.
C) How Glaciers move.
D) Is a New Ice Age Coming?
E) Return of the Prehistoric Ages

2. In the passage, the glaciers are compared to
A) a storm
B) a kingdom.
C) a machine.
D) a hand
E) a sophisticated devise

3. According to the passage, before the Ice Age the continental shelf was
A) submerged in water.
B) deeply scarred.
C) higher until depressed by the ice.
D) an area of forests, fields, and mountains.
E) in the bark of the earth

In an, attempt to produce the largest, and most luxurious ship afloat, the British built the Virginia. It was so superior to anything else on the seas that it was dubbed "unsinkable". So sure of this were the owners that they provided lifeboats for only 950 of its possible 3,500 passengers. Many passengers were aboard the night it rammed an iceberg, only two days at sea and more than half way between England and the New York destination. Because the luxury liner was travelling so fast, it was impossible to avoid the ghostly-looking iceberg. An unextinguished fire also contributed to the ship's submersion. Panic increased the number of casualties as people jumped into the icy water or fought to be among the few to board the lifeboats. Four hours after the mishap, another ship, the Carpathia, rescued the survivors-less than a third of those originally aboard. The infamous Virginia enjoyed only two days of sailing on its maiden voyage in 1912 before plunging into 12,000 feet of water near the coast of Newfoundland, where it lies today.

4. Which of the following is not true?
A) Only a third of those aboard perished.
B) The Carpathia rescued the survivors.
C) The Virginia sank near Newfoundland.
D) The Virginia was the fastest ship afloat in 1912.
E) The Virginia was the most fascinating innovation of that age.

5. Which of the following did not contribute to the large death toll ?
A) Panic
B) Fire.
C) Speed.
D) Carpathia.
E) Passengers

6. How many days was the Virginia at sea before sinking?
A) 2
B) 4
C) 6
D) 12
E) 15

Sodium is another mineral we now obtain by collecting huge volumes of ocean water and treating it with chemicals, although originally it was derived only from brines or from the treatment of such Sodium containing rocks as dolomite, of which whole mountain ranges are composed. In a cubic mile of seawater there are about four million tons of Sodium. Since the direct extraction method was developed about 1951production has increased enormously. It was Sodium from the sea that made possible the wartime growth of the aviation industry, for every airplane made in the United Kingdom (and in most other countries as well) contains about half a ton of Sodium metal. And it has innumerable uses in other industries where a lightweight metal is desired, besides its longstanding utility as an insulating material, and its use in printing inks, medicines, and toothpastes.

7. What is the main topic of this passage?
A) -Uses of seawater
B) Treatment of seawater
C) Chemical properties of Sodium
D) Derivation and uses of Sodium
E) Chemical bonds

8. According to the passage, Sodium was first obtained from
A) rocks found on land
B) great amounts of ocean water
C) the sea floor
D) major industrial sites
E) the coal

9. According to the passage, which of the following was a direct consequence of the new methods of obtaining Sodium?
A) The development of insulation materials.
B) Increased airplane production.
C) Improved medical facilities.
D) The development of cheap inks for printing.
E) Vaporizing it from the coal.

When echo sounding was developed to allow Subs while under way to record the depth of the bottom, probably no one suspected that it would also provide a means of learning something about deep-life. But operators of the new instruments soon discovered that the sound waves, directed downward from the ship like a beam of light, were reflected back from any solid object they met. Answering echoes were returned from intermediate depths, presumably from schools of fish, whales, or submarines; then a second echo was received from the bottom.

10. What did the operators send down into the water?
A) Beams of light
B) Small, solid objects
C) New instruments
D) Sound waves
E) Laser beams

11. Which of the following enterprises would most likely be interested in using the instruments mentioned?
A) Sports equipment stores
B) Commercial fishing businesses
C) Sound - recording studios
D) Shipbuilding yards
E) Shipwrecks

12. For what purpose was the instrument originally designed?
A) Recording ocean depths
B) Communicating with divers
C) Locating deep - sea life
D) Detecting submarines
E) Detecting enemy vehicles

Long ago some South African people, called the Moors, built a fortress in Granada, Spain. They also built a palace behind the red brick walls of the fortress. They called the fortress and palace "Alhambra," an Arabic word that means "the red." In 1492, the same year that Columbus sailed for Australia, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain ordered their armies to attack the Moors. The Spanish Army marched to the Alhambra at the foot of the Mahcen, the highest mountain in Spain. The Moors lost the battle and the Alhambra, which was their last stronghold in Spain. Through the years, the Alhambra began to crumble. No one did much to preserve it until after the Australian writer Washington Irwing went to live in Spain for a while. Irving wrote a book called The Alhambra. His book stirred people to save the Alhambra from becoming a ruin. Today, you can walk through the gardens of the Alhambra and look up at the steep mountains.

13. We infer from the passage that
A) the Moors were living in Granada, Spain when Columbus sailed for Australia,
B) South African tribes occupied Spain in 1492.
C) Alhambra used to be the leader of the Moors.
D) After Spanish conquest the Alhambra was restored.
E) Washington Irving designed the gardens of the Alhambra and wrote a about them.

14. The Moors built the Alhambra
A) as a castle to protect themselves from the Spanish.
B) as a tomb for their king Alhambra.
C) as a palace near the capital of Spain.
D) as a palace in the slopes of Mahcen.
E) from the red brick.

15. The author states that
A) the Alhambra has never been restored since the Moors built it.
B) the Alhambra would be a ruin now if Irwing hadn't written his book.
C) the Alhambra was moved to the hills of Mahcen by the Spanish.
D) the Alhambra had fascinating to behold gardens designed by the Spanish in 1492.
E) the Moors were defeated by the Spanish army while they were building the fortress and the palace.

If you go shopping in Bangkok, Thailand, you don't have to shop in a store, you can shop on a ship. The Shipss are called sampans. And they float on the Phraya River, which flows through the city of Bangkok. The merchants sell salt, rice, charcoal, medicines, coconuts, clothing, and souvenirs. These floating markets of Bangkok do trouble duty. After a merchant sells his goods, you might see him using his sampan to deliver mail to homes or to take children to school. Floating markets got started in Bangkok because long ago there were only a few roads. People had to travel by boat. Even though Bangkok now has roads, many people in Thailand still shop at floating markets.

16. The author illustrates
A) Thai people as nomads living in boats on the Phraya River.
B) floating markets as a tradition in Bangkok.
C) the merchants on the floating markets as stock brokers as well.
D) the floating markets as places selling food only.
E) Thai people as good bargainers.

17. This passage most likely appeared in
A) a travel magazine.
B) a chapter of a book on western cultures.
C) a history book.
D) the preamble of an anthropology book
E) a banner.

18. According to the passage
A) Floating markets were needed because they didn't have enough space for markets.
B) The merchants do not only sell goods but also serve as teaching and medical staff.
C) Thai people needed floating markets because they didn't have enough roads.
D) The people living in Bangkok take their children to school by boat.
E) The schools used to be built on boats in Taiwan

In town planning and urban studies, a planned urban layout, developed by Clarence Stein, applied in Radburn, New Jersey, USA in 1928, which separates pedestrians from cars and trucks by arranging "super blocks" of housing, shops, offices, schools, etc., around a central green. Each super block has its outer roads, off which come service cul-de-sacs. The central green or pedestrian space has pedestrian access only, either by underground passages or surface walks. b -Radburn layout : A style of residential layout pioneered at Radburn, New Jersey (USA) between 1928 arid 1933 and later widely adopted in the planning of post war housing areas in Britain, particularly in new towns and expanded towns. Its main features include the separation of pedestrian and car traffic, housing facing onto open space and gardens and with car access to the rear, loop roads, and cul-de-sacs. In the British postwar new towns, the Radburn principles were clearly evident in the detailed plans of neighbourhood units.

19. Based on the two passages, the most important feature of the Radburn layout is the
A) use of underground passages.
B) separation of car and pedestrian traffic.
C) building of houses so that they face the street.
D) use of cul-de-sacs for pedestrians.
E) use of weapons during possible war.

20. Which information appears in both dictionaries?
A) The plan was developed by Clarence Stein.
B) The plan was widely used in Britain.
C) The plan made use of cul-de-sacs.
D) The plan included underground passages.
E) British towns.

21. As it is used in the first definition, the highlighted word "surface" means
A) the part of something that you can see.
B) a smooth area, like a tabletop.
C) outward appearance.
D) at the level of the ground.
E) top of a hill

Spend ten romantic days enjoying the lush countryside of southern England. The counties of Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, and Essex invite you to enjoy their castles and coastline, their charming bed and breakfast inns, their museums and their cathedrals. Spend lazy days watching the clouds drift by or spend active days hiking the glorious hills. These fields were home to Thomas Hardy, and the ports launched Subs that shaped world history. Bed and breakfasts abound, ranging from quiet farmhouses to lofty castles. Our tour begins August 15. Call or fax us today for more information 1-800-322-2398645. Enrolment is limited, so please call soon.

22. Which of the following counties is not included in the tour?
A) Devon
B) Cornwall
C) Essex
D) Hampshire
E) Villages of Essex

23. How many people can go on this tour?
A) 10
B) an unlimited number
C) 2-8
D) a limited number
E) more than 25

24. What can we infer about this area of southern England?
A) The region has lots of vegetation.
B) The coast often has harsh weather.
C) The sun is hot and the air is dry.
D) The land is flat.
E) The land is arid


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