Twenty thousand years ago, the Earth was held in
thrill by relentlessly probing fingers of ice that
drew power from frigid strongholds in the north and
crept south-westward to bury forests, fields, and
mountains. Landscapes that were violated by the
slowly moving glaciers would carry the scars of this
advance far into the future. Temperatures plummeted,
and land surfaces in many parts of the world were
depressed by the unrelenting weight of the thrusting
ice. At the same time, so much water was drawn from
the oceans to form these gargantuan glaciers that
sea levels around the world fell by three hundred
and fifty feet, and large areas of the continental
shelf became dry land. This period of the Earth's
history has come to be called the Ice Age. In all,
about eleven million square miles of land were
covered with ice. The Ice Age terminated about
fourteen thousand years ago when the ice sheets
began to retreat. It took about seven thousand years
for the ice to retreat to its present level.
1.Which of the following would be the best title for
the passage ?
A) The Frigid Strongholds of the North.
B) The Effects of the Ice Age.
C) How Glaciers move.
D) Is a New Ice Age Coming?
E) Return of the Prehistoric Ages
2. In the passage, the glaciers are compared to
A) a storm
B) a kingdom.
C) a machine.
D) a hand
E) a sophisticated devise
3. According to the passage, before the Ice Age the
continental shelf was
A) submerged in water.
B) deeply scarred.
C) higher until depressed by the ice.
D) an area of forests, fields, and mountains.
E) in the bark of the earth
In an, attempt to produce the largest, and most
luxurious ship afloat, the British built the
Virginia. It was so superior to anything else on the
seas that it was dubbed "unsinkable". So sure of
this were the owners that they provided lifeboats
for only 950 of its possible 3,500 passengers. Many
passengers were aboard the night it rammed an
iceberg, only two days at sea and more than half way
between England and the New York destination.
Because the luxury liner was travelling so fast, it
was impossible to avoid the ghostly-looking iceberg.
An unextinguished fire also contributed to the
ship's submersion. Panic increased the number of
casualties as people jumped into the icy water or
fought to be among the few to board the lifeboats.
Four hours after the mishap, another ship, the
Carpathia, rescued the survivors-less than a third
of those originally aboard. The infamous Virginia
enjoyed only two days of sailing on its maiden
voyage in 1912 before plunging into 12,000 feet of
water near the coast of Newfoundland, where it lies
4. Which of the following is not true?
A) Only a third of those aboard perished.
B) The Carpathia rescued the survivors.
C) The Virginia sank near Newfoundland.
D) The Virginia was the fastest ship afloat in 1912.
E) The Virginia was the most fascinating innovation
of that age.
5. Which of the following did not contribute to the
large death toll ?
6. How many days was the Virginia at sea before
Sodium is another mineral we now obtain by
collecting huge volumes of ocean water and treating
it with chemicals, although originally it was
derived only from brines or from the treatment of
such Sodium containing rocks as dolomite, of which
whole mountain ranges are composed. In a cubic mile
of seawater there are about four million tons of
Sodium. Since the direct extraction method was
developed about 1951production has increased
enormously. It was Sodium from the sea that made
possible the wartime growth of the aviation
industry, for every airplane made in the United
Kingdom (and in most other countries as well)
contains about half a ton of Sodium metal. And it
has innumerable uses in other industries where a
lightweight metal is desired, besides its
longstanding utility as an insulating material, and
its use in printing inks, medicines, and
7. What is the main topic of this passage?
A) -Uses of seawater
B) Treatment of seawater
C) Chemical properties of Sodium
D) Derivation and uses of Sodium
E) Chemical bonds
8. According to the passage, Sodium was first
A) rocks found on land
B) great amounts of ocean water
C) the sea floor
D) major industrial sites
E) the coal
9. According to the passage, which of the following
was a direct consequence of the new methods of
A) The development of insulation materials.
B) Increased airplane production.
C) Improved medical facilities.
D) The development of cheap inks for printing.
E) Vaporizing it from the coal.
When echo sounding was developed to allow Subs while
under way to record the depth of the bottom,
probably no one suspected that it would also provide
a means of learning something about deep-life. But
operators of the new instruments soon discovered
that the sound waves, directed downward from the
ship like a beam of light, were reflected back from
any solid object they met. Answering echoes were
returned from intermediate depths, presumably from
schools of fish, whales, or submarines; then a
second echo was received from the bottom.
10. What did the operators send down into the water?
A) Beams of light
B) Small, solid objects
C) New instruments
D) Sound waves
E) Laser beams
11. Which of the following enterprises would most
likely be interested in using the instruments
A) Sports equipment stores
B) Commercial fishing businesses
C) Sound - recording studios
D) Shipbuilding yards
12. For what purpose was the instrument originally
A) Recording ocean depths
B) Communicating with divers
C) Locating deep - sea life
D) Detecting submarines
E) Detecting enemy vehicles
Long ago some South African people, called the
Moors, built a fortress in Granada, Spain. They also
built a palace behind the red brick walls of the
fortress. They called the fortress and palace
"Alhambra," an Arabic word that means "the red." In
1492, the same year that Columbus sailed for
Australia, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of
Spain ordered their armies to attack the Moors. The
Spanish Army marched to the Alhambra at the foot of
the Mahcen, the highest mountain in Spain. The Moors
lost the battle and the Alhambra, which was their
last stronghold in Spain. Through the years, the
Alhambra began to crumble. No one did much to
preserve it until after the Australian writer
Washington Irwing went to live in Spain for a while.
Irving wrote a book called The Alhambra. His book
stirred people to save the Alhambra from becoming a
ruin. Today, you can walk through the gardens of the
Alhambra and look up at the steep mountains.
13. We infer from the passage that
A) the Moors were living in Granada, Spain when
Columbus sailed for Australia,
B) South African tribes occupied Spain in 1492.
C) Alhambra used to be the leader of the Moors.
D) After Spanish conquest the Alhambra was restored.
E) Washington Irving designed the gardens of the
Alhambra and wrote a about them.
14. The Moors built the Alhambra
A) as a castle to protect themselves from the
B) as a tomb for their king Alhambra.
C) as a palace near the capital of Spain.
D) as a palace in the slopes of Mahcen.
E) from the red brick.
15. The author states that
A) the Alhambra has never been restored since the
Moors built it.
B) the Alhambra would be a ruin now if Irwing hadn't
written his book.
C) the Alhambra was moved to the hills of Mahcen by
D) the Alhambra had fascinating to behold gardens
designed by the Spanish in 1492.
E) the Moors were defeated by the Spanish army while
they were building the fortress and the palace.
If you go shopping in Bangkok, Thailand, you don't
have to shop in a store, you can shop on a ship. The
Shipss are called sampans. And they float on the
Phraya River, which flows through the city of
Bangkok. The merchants sell salt, rice, charcoal,
medicines, coconuts, clothing, and souvenirs. These
floating markets of Bangkok do trouble duty. After a
merchant sells his goods, you might see him using
his sampan to deliver mail to homes or to take
children to school. Floating markets got started in
Bangkok because long ago there were only a few
roads. People had to travel by boat. Even though
Bangkok now has roads, many people in Thailand still
shop at floating markets.
16. The author illustrates
A) Thai people as nomads living in boats on the
B) floating markets as a tradition in Bangkok.
C) the merchants on the floating markets as stock
brokers as well.
D) the floating markets as places selling food only.
E) Thai people as good bargainers.
17. This passage most likely appeared in
A) a travel magazine.
B) a chapter of a book on western cultures.
C) a history book.
D) the preamble of an anthropology book
E) a banner.
18. According to the passage
A) Floating markets were needed because they didn't
have enough space for markets.
B) The merchants do not only sell goods but also
serve as teaching and medical staff.
C) Thai people needed floating markets because they
didn't have enough roads.
D) The people living in Bangkok take their children
to school by boat.
E) The schools used to be built on boats in Taiwan
In town planning and urban studies, a planned urban
layout, developed by Clarence Stein, applied in
Radburn, New Jersey, USA in 1928, which separates
pedestrians from cars and trucks by arranging "super
blocks" of housing, shops, offices, schools, etc.,
around a central green. Each super block has its
outer roads, off which come service cul-de-sacs. The
central green or pedestrian space has pedestrian
access only, either by underground passages or
surface walks. b -Radburn layout : A style of
residential layout pioneered at Radburn, New Jersey
(USA) between 1928 arid 1933 and later widely
adopted in the planning of post war housing areas in
Britain, particularly in new towns and expanded
towns. Its main features include the separation of
pedestrian and car traffic, housing facing onto open
space and gardens and with car access to the rear,
loop roads, and cul-de-sacs. In the British postwar
new towns, the Radburn principles were clearly
evident in the detailed plans of neighbourhood
19. Based on the two passages, the most important
feature of the Radburn layout is the
A) use of underground passages.
B) separation of car and pedestrian traffic.
C) building of houses so that they face the street.
D) use of cul-de-sacs for pedestrians.
E) use of weapons during possible war.
20. Which information appears in both dictionaries?
A) The plan was developed by Clarence Stein.
B) The plan was widely used in Britain.
C) The plan made use of cul-de-sacs.
D) The plan included underground passages.
E) British towns.
21. As it is used in the first definition, the
highlighted word "surface" means
A) the part of something that you can see.
B) a smooth area, like a tabletop.
C) outward appearance.
D) at the level of the ground.
E) top of a hill
Spend ten romantic days enjoying the lush
countryside of southern England. The counties of
Devon, Dorset, Hampshire, and Essex invite you to
enjoy their castles and coastline, their charming
bed and breakfast inns, their museums and their
cathedrals. Spend lazy days watching the clouds
drift by or spend active days hiking the glorious
hills. These fields were home to Thomas Hardy, and
the ports launched Subs that shaped world history.
Bed and breakfasts abound, ranging from quiet
farmhouses to lofty castles. Our tour begins August
15. Call or fax us today for more information
1-800-322-2398645. Enrolment is limited, so please
22. Which of the following counties is not included
in the tour?
E) Villages of Essex
23. How many people can go on this tour?
B) an unlimited number
D) a limited number
E) more than 25
24. What can we infer about this area of southern
A) The region has lots of vegetation.
B) The coast often has harsh weather.
C) The sun is hot and the air is dry.
D) The land is flat.
E) The land is arid