1) _____ the end result was extremely disappointing
A) Although much item and energy had gone into the
production of he play
B) In case the government improves the new theatre
C) Whenever the Opera season re-opens
D) That he had been nominated for the steering
E) Until annual theatre awards had been distributed
2) ___ you get splendid views of the oak-covered
slopes of these coastal mountain ranges that rise up
from the Pacific.
A) If only the new road had been opened
B) As they headed for San Francisco
C) However unfairly the state of the roads was being
D) Even though a great deal of money went into
constructing the road
E) As you drive along the coast road
3) Dramatic cultural changes had been going on in
the United States ___.
A) ever since non-European immigrants began to pour
into the country
B) until new regulations concerning immigrants were
C) which started at the end of the century
D) some of which would have been regarded as harmful
E) as soon as World War II ended
4) One of the best recommendations was put forth by
Dr. Johnson ___.
A) that the managing director was especially
B) who is generally the quietest member of the board
C) through the financial demands might be difficult
D) unless it was approved by the committee
E) before anyone else has time to make any
contribution to the discussion
5) Darwin's theory of evolution was founded on the
A) which amassing evidence for 25 years in support
B) why many people of his own age were reluctant to
C) whether his insight really was revolutionary
D) that all individuals of the same species are not
E) since the multiplicity of forms seemed unending
6) Even though the effects of the famine have been
made worse by the political instability in the
A) the weak have shown its sympathy in a most
B) it was beyond the power of any government to
undertake the responsibility
C) a fair distribution of the available load will
D) one disaster was naturally followed by another
E) food is now being distributed wherever it is
7) _____ but it is not the only one.
A) Newspaper prices have risen noticeably in recent
B) Most diseases are caused by germs and bad hygiene
C) Technological competition is a serious problem
for the book industry
D) The printing press was invented by Johan
Gutenberg in Mainz,Germany in the 15th century
E) The judge rebuked the witnesses for their
behaviour during the trial.
8) ___ that they will be made redundant once the
bureau has been computerized.
A) They called all the strike
B) The board of directors discussed the matter fully
C) The management adopted new marketing policies
D) The prospect for the company looks rather gloomy
E) Most of the staff are certain
9) If your manager asked you to take an extra work
without more pay?
A) have you discussed the matter with him
B) would you agree to do so
C) why do you think he may have suggested this
D) what was the reaction of your colleagues
E) will you resign at once
10) I wished I hadn't given him a vocation in this
A) although he is less efficient than I once
B) unless he makes a big effort to prove he can be
C) wherever a suitable vacancy may occur.
D) that my father was a founding member.
E) when I saw him behaving in such an irresponsible
11) Jim must have taken my car ___ .
A) since no one else knows where I keep the car
B) that I left it in front of the office.
C) if we have arranged to meet at the dentist's.
D) since he would never do such a thing.
E) as soon as I get back from the concert.
12) Wouldn't it be advisable to search for a second
opinion _____ ?
A) as events were to prove in the end.
B) if the operation had to take place.
C) that it was legally sound.
D) before we come to any definite decision.
E) why there were no obvious problems.
13) The new American administration is still
hesitant about __.
A) who would have presided over the Senate .
B) why so many new taxes had been imposed .
C) whether to increase expenditure on education.
D) how the problem of famine in Asia had been
E) which program had been approved by the committee.
14) If the northern part of this country does not
get some rain soon ___.
A) they were considering reducing supplies even
B) cotton would not have been a suitable crop for
the area .
C) they have already started to irrigate the rice
D) it seems that the new dam is not very efficient.
E) there'll be a poor fruit crop this year.
15) Although there were a great many applicants for
A) not one of them had the qualifications required.
B) actually the salary is expected to improve.
C) the new recruits will be put on a three-week
special training program.
D) unfortunately some of the staff had already
E) the personnel department cannot cope with the
16) ___ which has a quite central situation.
A) They seemed interested in both houses.
B) We really need a hotel.
C) I arrived late for the meeting.
D) It should have been easy to get there.
E) His mother decided to come by car.
17) ___ that the case was far more complex than he
had originally thought.
A) According to the lawyer, much is involved.
B) The witnesses were called in.
C) As the police had reported.
D) Following the uproar caused by the press
E) In the light of the new evidence, the judge
18) Construction workers will go on strike next
A) that they negotiated for over five hours and were
not able to reach a compromise with the management
B) so long as the only solution for a settlement is
an independent enquiry into their working conditions
C) because the two sides have done their best to
settle their dispute by bargaining
D) in case the workers were asked to compromise and
accept a pay rise of 20%
E) unless the management agrees to accept their
claim for a 50% pay increase
19) ......., some of America's most innovative
architects set about rebuilding it in a bold style
known as the "Chicago school"
A) After an enormous fire destroyed much of Chicago
B) While Chicago was soon to emerge as the literary
capital of the United States
C) Because Chicago has traditionally been regarded
as "the great laboratory of American democracy
D) As immigrants from many European countries had
settled in ethnic enclaves in Chicago
E) As long as Chicago remains the gateway to the
rest of the nation for food products and industrial
20) The firm will need fewer office workers ........
A) since some were looking for jobs with other firms
B) when the computer network has been installed
C) as long as the sales continued to increase
D) in order to discuss ways of combating
E) even though the current economic recession is
likely to continue for another six months
21) Earlier this century, Chicago acquired a
reputation for colourful politicians, newspapermen
and gangsters, .......
A) simply because commerce has been the key to the
B) just as today Chicago remains a city of close
knit ethnic neighbourhoods
C) Although the city has become a centre for meat
D) but its cultural life was less well known then
E) as it is located at the conjunction of the Great
Lakes and the Mississippi river system and
surrounded by the productive farmlands of the
22) Though the term "human rights" is of current
A) there are certain actions that are never
permissible and certain freedoms that should never
B) after 1933 the Western world realized that it was
living in an age of totalitarian dictatorship far
worse than old monarchic absolutism
C) natural rights can be seen in their origins as
claims that everyone naturally makes
D) some politicians claim that any doctrine of human
rights must be in some sense a doctrine of natural
E) the idea itself can be traced back thorough John
Locke in the seventeenth century to the great
philosophers of classical antiquity
23) As unemployment is presently a major social
A) the strikes have really crippled the industry
and, consequently, the export of manufactured goods
has come to a standstill
B) the measures introduced had little effect on the
improvement of the country's economic performance
C) its worst economic effects have been partly
softened by the government's introduction of
D) the economic prospect was far from encouraging
E) people are not working as hard as their belief in
the work ethic indicates that they should be.
24) When a company wants to fill a vacancy,
A) there are always staff who want to leave for
B) the candidates have all been required to write an
essay on the current economic situation in Europe
C) the applicants were invited for an interview
D) it is essential that future managers must be
trained as thoroughly as possible
E) it usually puts an advertisement in a newspaper
25) I asked my little three-year-old nephew......
A) whether his mother has gone out
B) who he was going to invite to his birth party
C) that he liked going to the zoo
D) why he has made his little sister cry
E) what his mother is making for dinner