1) ...... before the town planners worked seriously.
A) City planning has continued to be their prime
B) A great many ugly apartment blocks were built
C) A good architect views his work within the
context of the area at large
D) In this respect new cities are at a great
E) New cities never have the same atmosphere as the
2) ....., even though many other countries are
increasing their own production.
A) This is just one of many developments in
B) England still imported a great deal of tropical
C) Turkey's exports of fruit and vegetables will
have dropped sharply
D) Steel remains an important item of Greece's
E) By the end on the month figures concerning the
dollar reserves will have been processed
3) If one day energy can be produced efficiently by
clean techniques, ......
A) oil prices were expected to rise again
B) the production of coal had to be reduced
C) then these methods should obviously be preferred
D) most governments would have invested in them
E) a lot of firms might have been expected to
4) ...... how close he had been to winning the
A) To be perfectly honest I was considerably
B) It shouldn't have been misinterpreted
C) Even John's own supporters were surprised when
D) The votes had finally been counted
E) He should have withdrawn from the election
5) If your employer asked you to take an extra work
without more pay,......_?
A) have you discussed the matter with him
B) would you agree to do so
C) why do you think he may have suggested this
D) what was the reaction of your colleagues
E) will you resign at once
6) The rate of individual spending began to rise
incredibly in the 1970's .......
A) just as the manufacturing industry can be
expected to expand
B) until many banks would have to renew their
C) as the average salary did not go up
D) despite the fact that there will be a tangible
improvement in the balance of
E) when the use of credit cards became widespread
7) The rate unemployment continued to rise during
the second half of the decade,......
A) even if the workers could have received
additional fringe benefits.
B) as the rate of inflation will go up accordingly.
C) while most companies would have been badly hit by
D) but thereafter stabilized at about six per cent.
E) despite the fact that the volume of exports
cannot be increased.
8) The nutritive food newly born babies should be
fed with is ......
A) that provides the baby with all necessary
vitamins and minerals
B) such that spares the mother time and comfort
C) that which enables the baby's body to grow up
D) what was advised by doctors
E) which mothers care much for
9) Historians and archaeologists have learned_____.
A) that causes the earthquake in the northwest part
of the region
B) if they are to follow the basic scientific
C) searching for the proof showing that Incas lived
in the region
D) to rely upon the amazing accuracy of historical
memory in the Bible
E) although they are not from the same scientific
field of study
10) ...... unless we receive more funding
A) He was praised for his scholarly achievement
B) We failed to reach any satisfactory conclusion
C) The company has taken serious measures to improve
the working conditions.
D) No remarkable progress had been made
E) It will be impossible to carry out any further
11) After the new law comes into effect next
A) there will be a radical change in the structure
of local administration
B) we should have prepared the way for a smooth
C) the policy on industrial relations had to be
D) all the hospitals in the country had been made
accountable to the Ministry of Health
E) the case may have been reconsidered
12) ...... how Jennie can expect to make any profit
A) We were puzzled
B) I don't see
C) They didn't assume
D) It has already been
E) They had been denied
13) ...... you get wonderful views of the forest of
these coasted mountain ranges that rise up from the
A) If only the new road had been opened
B) As they headed for San Francisco
C) However unfairly the state of the roads was being
D) Even though a great deal of money want into
constructing the road
E) As you drive along the coast road
14) Many of the workers discontented with the new
midnight shift .......
A) and so they went on a strike
B) so that they would get the morning shift
C) such bad conditions that they quit job for one
hour as a warning to the employers
D) gathered in the garden and refused to go on
E) although they were given a high rise
15) A problem that often arises when furniture is to
be bought is .......
A) whether or not one is getting value for money.
B) that new designs will soon be coming in.
C) how the colour of the carpet would have been
D) to consult an interior designer who had had great
E) to what extent a reduction in the price could
have been made.
16) ........., who intended to resign from her
party, every other member voted for the regulation.
A) Deputy Minister
B) The London member of parliament refused to say
C) Besides their member from Istanbul
D) The Prime Minister blamed the Minister of Culture
E) Apart from the London M. P.
17) ...... as if surgery may be unnecessary.
A) They had already explained to us
B) In the light of the latest report, it looks
C) The doctor might have decided
D) According to the final tests one can conclude
E) The patient was encouraged
18) ...... if any one party decides to refuse the
obligations it has undertaken in the treaty.
A) Obviously, very serious problems will arise
B) They may have rejected the offer
C) They were obviously determined to be present at
the opening of the talks
D) The last speaker was quite adamant on the need to
E) The observers may have been very upset
19) ...... that she genuinely regretted the role she
had played in it.
A) I may be quite wrong
B) It wouldn't surprise me at all
C) The manner in which she begged us to check the
D) Surely it's worth investigating the matter later
E) It has been quite obvious
20) That's the woman ......
A) who writes on wild animals.
B) is best qualified to help you.
C) that she talked on ancient monuments.
D) I went to the theatre with her.
E) if only I could go to her lecture.
21) The corporation will need fewer office workers
A) since some were looking for jobs with other firms
B) when the computer network has been installed
C) as long as the sales continued to increase
D) in order to discuss ways of combating
E) even though the current economic recession is
likely to continue for another six months
22) As soon as Daniel was interviewed,.......
A) the recruitment manager suggested the personnel
manager that he should get the job
B) he has been found qualified enough for the post
C) he had been rejected
D) he relied on his parents
E) the applicant demanded another rise in his salary
23) Although global environmental directions over
the past few decades have generally not been
A) the build-up of greenhouse gases in the
atmosphere would have been reduced.
B) some positive developments are nevertheless
beginning to emerge.
C) they have inadvertently assumed responsibility
D) future generations would not have peen deprived
of the opportunity to support
E) deforestation proved to be the lesser of the two
24) _____that least affects the behaviour of
companies, investors, shoppers and workers.
A) The inflation rate has been reduced
B) The best inflation rate is the one
C) The article about inflation maintains
D) The price index has raised so much controversy
E) The outcome of the recent economic reforms has
received much praise from the public
25) The new longer-acting medicines promise to
protect asthma patients for up to 12 hours,__
A) even though medical authorities had been
concerned about the side effects
B) as long as the results of this research project
are confirmed within the month
C) so that they can sleep better at night
D) since the findings have not yet been thoroughly
E) which could have proved to be a most remarkable