1. Artık, yatırım yaparken
çevresel etkenleri göz ardı etmek mümkün değildir.
Ultimately, it will not be possible to take
environmental factors into account when making
B) It is no
longer possible to ignore environmental factors when
C) It is no
longer right to defend investing in the environment.
Environmental factors are no longer unavoidable when
investments are under consideration.
E) There is
no point in deferring environment-oriented
2. Çeşitlilik günümüzde en
sık kullanılan kelimelerden biri olmuştur, ama hemen
hemen hiç tanımlanmamıştır.
has become one of the most often used words of our
time, but it has
almost never been defined.
B) In these
days, diversity is a much-used term but nobody wants
to define it.
C) The word
diversity is almost always in use nowadays but no
one is able to define it.
diversity is a word that is often used though the
fact is rarely recognized.
Presently, diversity is one of the terms most
frequently used, but it is a term that is almost
3. Böylesine bir durumda
bir Roma heykeliyle hayatımda hiç karşılaşmamıştım.
A) One can't
expect to find a Roman statue of such perfection
more than once in a lifetime.
B) I never
estimated to find a Roman statue in such an
C) Only once
in a lifetime can -one hope to find a Roman statue
in such a good condition.
D) For the
first time in my life I have found a Roman statue in
really good condition.
E) Never in
my life have I come across a Roman statue in such a
4. Kasa üzerinde onun
parmak izlerini bulamadığımız sürece, onun masum
olduğunu kabul etmek zorundayız.
A) If his
fingerprints are not to be found on the safe we
shall have to count him innocent.
B) As long
as we can't find his fingerprints on the safe, we
have to accept that he is innocent.
his fingerprints are found on the safe, then we will
be obliged to admit that he is guilty.
D) If his
fingerprints are not found on the safe, he can never
be accused of being guilty.
E) Of course
he is not guilty, for no trace of his fingerprints
has ever been found on the safe.
5. 1980' lere kadar hiç
kimse petrol üretiminin ve taşınmasının çevresel
sonuçlarını etkili bir şekilde kontrol etme gücüne
A) Up to
petroleum products were distributed widely in the
realized how serious the ecological consequences
B) As in the
ecological consequences of petroleum production and
transportation could only be controlled by a
C) Up to the
no serious limits put on anyone's rights to control
the ecological consequences of petroleum production
D) Until the
no one had
the power to control effectively the ecological
consequences of petroleum production and transport.
E) No one
will admit that petroleum products and their
distribution were any serious threat to the
environment prior to the
6. Coğrafi koşullar,
topluluklar arasındaki kültürel etkileşim üzerinde
çoğu zaman etki sahibidir.
A) There can
only be cultural interactions among communities when
geographical conditions are suitable.
Geographical conditions frequently have an impact on
cultural interactions among communities.
Geographical conditions are seldom suitable for on
cultural interactions among communities.
reactions among communities depend largely on
geographical conditions make for cultural reactions
7. Hükümet hayvancılığı
desteklemediği takdirde, ciddi bir et sıkıntısının
A) Even if
the government decides to subsidize cattle farming,
a meat shortage cannot be avoided.
the government subsidizes cattle farming, a serious
meat shortage is inevitable.
shortage of meat will unavoidably force the
government to subsidize cattle farming.
the government's decision to subsidize cattle
farming, meat is still in short supply.
cattle farming subsidies decided upon by the
government have not overcome the meat shortage.
8. On sekizinci yüzyıldan
beri iktisatçılar, yeryüzünde durmadan artan insan
sonuçta tüm kaynakları tüketeceği uyarısında
eighteenth century, economists have warned that the
ever increasing number of people on earth would
eventually exhaust all sources.
Throughout the eighteenth century economists
constantly warned that the increase in population
would eventually lead to the exhaustion of all
accordance with the economists of the eighteenth
century, the ever-growing of people in the world
would eventually exhaust all resources.
constant growth in population since the eighteenth
century will, as economists warn, cause the earth's
resources to be exhausted.
constantly growing population of the eighteenth
century, as economists have
pointed out, adversely affected the world's
9. Biyologların DNA'nın
molekül yapısını ortaya koymalarından kırk yıldan az
bir zaman sonra
genetik bilimi tıp biliminin sınırlarını yeniden
discovering the molecular structure of
approximately forty years ago, biologists
redefined the boundaries of genetics and medical
Biologists unraveled the molecular structure of
approximately forty years ago and so redefined
the boundaries of medical science.
boundaries of medical science were redefined over
forty years ago when biologists worked out the
molecular structure of
D) For forty
years before biologists discovered the molecular
structure of DNA,
genetics had been redefining the boundaries of
E) Less than
forty years after biologists unraveled the molecular
structure of DNA,
genetics is redefining the boundaries of medical
10. Ülkemizin su
kaynaklarından enerji ve sulama amacı ile tam olarak
yararlanmak için birkaç
uzun vadeli proje hazırlanıyor.
A) With the
schemes under preparation some of the countrys
water resources will produce long-term benefits in
the fields of energy production and irrigation.
schemes concerning the water resources of the
country will in the long run be implemented for
irrigation and energy.
C) Some of
the long-term schemes now under consideration are
concerned with using the country's water resources
for energy and irrigation purposes.
long-term schemes to make full use of the country's
water resources for purposes of energy and
irrigation are under preparation.
E) In the
preparation of these long-term schemes the country's
needs, such as energy and irrigation, should be
Tahrifat yapılan belgelerde parmak izi aranması bana
göre yararsız bir çabaydı.
A) To me it
is an absurd effort to try to look for fingerprints
on the documents that
B) It seems
to me that it is a useless effort to try to find
fingerprints on the falsified
C) To me it
is a useless effort to look for fingerprints on the
D) As far as
I know, it is no use trying to search for
fingerprints on the documents
that were embezzled.
E) In so far
as I am concerned, it is not useful to look for his
fingerprints on the
Hükümete sunulan olabilirlik raporunun üretilecek
tahmini elektrik enerjisine yer vermediği
A) It is
clear that the feasibility report submitted to the
government does not place in
it the estimated electrical energy to be produced.
B) It is the
feasibility report given to the government that does
not include the
electrical energy produced which is estimated.
anticipated electrical energy which will be produced
is clearly not mentioned
in the possibility report presented to the
D) It is
obvious from the feasibility report to be submitted
to the government that the
conjectural estimates of the electrical energy to be
produced is not included in it.
E) It is
understood from the feasibility report submitted to
the government that it
didn't deal with the estimated production of
Üyelik başvurun onaylanmadan önce, derneğe serbestçe
girip, çıkmana izin vereceklerini hiç mi hiç
A) I never
think that you will be allowed to enter in the
Society without the acceptance of your membership
B) I doubt
very much that they will allow you to freely enter
in the Society before your application for
membership is approved.
C) I don't
think at all that your membership will be approved
before you apply to them for free entrance.
D) I have no
suspicions about it that they will freely admit you
to the Society before your membership application is
E) I don't
think they will allow you to freely enter in the
Society after your membership application is
14. Komisyonun, bakteri
düzeyi belirli bir sınırı aşan patateslerin satışını
yasaklayan kararına maalesef pek uyulmuyor.
A) It is a
pity that the decision made by the commission to ban
the sale of potatoes with a bacterial level above a
certain limit is not obeyed much.
Unfortunately the decree of the committee which bans
the sale of potatoes that
have a high bacterial level above limits doesn't
C) It is
unfortunately observed by the commission that the
lifting of the ban on the sale of potatoes that have
a high bacterial level above a certain limit is not
bacterial level of the potatoes to a certain limit
is unfortunately banned by a pronouncement by the
decision taken by the commission which bans the sale
of the potatoes with, unfortunately, a bacterial
level above a certain limit is not found suitable.
15. Böyle bir makineyi
verimli bir şekilde çalıştırmak sizce ortalama bir
işçinin yaklaşık olarak ne kadar vaktini alır?
Approximately how long do you think this machine
will take to work with an efficient worker to
B) How long
exactly, do you think, will it take an, ordinary
worker to operate on this machine?
C) In so far
as you know, how long does it take an ordinary
worker to operate this machine efficiently?
how long do you think it will take an average worker
to operate such a machine efficiently?
speaking, how long do you thing we need an average
worker to operate such a machine effectively?
16. Sırf nedeni siyasidir
diye bir cinayeti önemsiz saymak bence cinayetlerin
en büyüğü olurdu.
A) I would
think that the real murder is to consider a murder
unimportant owing to its aim.
B) I don't
think that murders are important when the motivation
C) I think it will be a crime to say that murders
committed for political reasons are important.
D) I think
the greatest murder is to think that the murder is
not important since the aim is political.
E) In my
opinion it would be the greatest murder to consider
a murder unimportant simply because it is
17. Bu taraflı tutumun
dikkat çekmemesi için elinden ne geliyorsa yapıyor
ancak yanıldığını er geç anlayacak.
doing his utmost so that his impartial attitude will
not be noticed but he will soon know he is mistaken.
doing whatever he can in order not to notice his
partial attitude but sooner or later he will be
doing whatever he can so that is partial attitude
will go unnoticed but sooner
or later he will understand that he is mistaken.
doing whatever is in his hands in order to go
unnoticed with his partial
behavior but he understood that he made a mistake.
E) He has
been doing his best for he wants his impartial
attitude to be noticed but sooner or later he will
18. Karşılıklılık ilkesi
çerçevesinde, her iki ülke de diğer ülke
vatandaşlarının mülk edinebilmesini kolaylaştıran
A) In the
framework of mutual principles, both the countries
put laws into force in
make it easy for other country's citizens to buy
B) In terms
of reciprocity, both the countries laid down laws to
make it easy for the citizens of the other country
to buy properties.
C) In terms
of responsiveness, both the countries lay down laws
which simplifies it for another country's citizens
to buy properties.
D) In terms
of mutual principles, both the countries agreed to
put laws into force so that their citizens could
easily buy properties.
accordance with mutual principles, both countries
were forced to lay down laws in order to simplify
the formalities of possessing a property in the
19. Bir ofis dizayn
edilirken, yerin doğru kullanımına, firmanın ve
bireylerin ihtiyaçlarına gösterilen dikkat
çoğunlukla tamamen yetersizdir.
A) When an
office is designed the attention paid to the correct
use of space and
individual and company needs, is often totally
B) When an
office is designed it is generally insufficient to
pay attention to the use of
space and individual and company needs.
C) When an
office is designed it is frequently totally not
enough to draw attention to the individual and
company needs as well as the correct use of space.
D) When one
designs an office, the correct use of space, and
individual and company needs is paid no attention at
E) When an
office is designed it is frequently not enough at
all to care for the correct use of space, and
individual and company needs.
20. Florence Nightingale'
in olağanüstü kararlılık ve organize etme yeteneği
gösterdiği tek savaş Kırım Savaşı olmamıştır.
A) It was
long before Crimean War that Florence Nightingale
proved her extraordinary qualities of determination
and organizing ability.
B) It was
when the Crimean War broke out that Florence
Nightingale displayed extraordinary determination
and organizing ability.
the Crimean War Florence Nightingale did not show
any extraordinary determination or organizing
War was the only war during which Florence
Nightingale confirmed her extraordinary
determination and organizing abilities.
E) It was
not only during the Crimean War that Florence
Nightingale showed extra ordinary determination and
1980'lerden bu yana, dünyadaki nükleer sanayi hızlı
bir şekilde düşmektedir ve Avrupa Birliği içinde, on
beş ülkeden yedisi nükleer enerjiden aşama aşama
industry in the world has been declining rapidly,
and within the European Union, seven out of the
fifteen countries have phased out nuclear power.
with the 1980s,
has been a steep decline in the nuclear industry all
through the world, particularly in the European
Union, where only seven of the
fifteen countries continue to use nuclear power.
world's nuclear industry has continued to decline
since the 1980s;
particular, this is true of the fifteen countries of
the European Union, seven of which have slowly
ceased to use it altogether.
D) Seven of
the fifteen countries of the European Union have
gradually put an end to the use of nuclear power;
the movement started in the
would-wide ever since.
E) After the
industries of the world have fallen into disrepute,
particularly in the European Union where seven of
the fifteen countries have, step
stopped using it altogether.
Bush, radyo konuşmasında, bazı Amerikan okullarında
verilen eğitimin toplumun en iyi değerlerini
in-his radio talk, concentrated on the various
ideals of society and
that some American schools tailed to nourish them.
his radio talk, Bush explained how the education
given in some
American schools failed to uphold the best values of
C) In his
radio talk Bush said that the education provided in
schools did not nourish the best values of society.
emphasized in his radio talk that it was the duty of
the American education system to ensure that some
schools encouraged the best values of society.
certain American schools, as Bush stressed in his
radio talk, the education provided was not in accord
with the ideals of society.
İnsan, Japonya'yı boydan boya trenle gezebilir ve
bir istasyonda durduğunda, bir taşra kentini
ötekinden ayırt etmenin hemen hemen imkânsız
traveling the length and breadth of Japan by train,
one realizes at each station that one provincial
town is very like another.
can travel the length and breadth of Japan when
stopping at a station, that it is almost impossible
to distinguish between one provincial town and the
traveling by train through Japan, one feels at each
stop at a station that each
provincial town is virtually identical with the
Traveling from one end of Japan to the other by
train, one recognizes, when stopping
at a station, that one provincial town joins
imperceptibly into the next.
traveling hither and thither by train in Japan, and
stopping at various
stations, one notices how each provincial town is
identical with the rest.
24. Romancı Thomas Hardy,
özyaşam öyküsünde babasından, "kalkınmakta olan
kırsal topluluklarda gereksinim duyulan sanat ve
becerilerin çoğuna sahip ender insanlardan biri"
olarak söz eder.
novelist Thomas Hardy, in his autobiography, tells
his father as "one of those rare people who had
developed almost all the arts and skills needed to
make a rural community survive."
B) In his
autobiography the novelist Thomas Hardy describes
his father as "one of those rare people who
possessed most of the arts and skills needed in
thriving rural communities".
C) In this
autobiography, Thomas Hardy, the novelist, tells how
his own father was strange in that he cherished the
arts and skills that enable rural communities to
novelist Thomas Hardy describes in his autobiography
how his own father was one of those valuable people
who encouraged the arts and skills that help rural
communities to thrive."
novelist Thomas Hardy describes in his autobiography
how his father was "one of the few people to use his
arts and skills to ensure that rural communities
25. Bazı iktisatçılara
göre komünist ekonomik sistemin çöküş nedenlerinden
biri, çok yüksek maliyetle çok az üretim yapılmış
economists are of the opinion that high productions
cost and low output were the main reasons for the
collapse of the communist economic system.
to some economists, the collapse of the communist
economic system was in part due to the fact that too
little was produced at too high a cost.
economists are of the opinion that too little was
being produced at too high a cost, and it was for
this reason that the communist economic system
D) To some
economists, the reason for the collapse of die
communist economic system was that too few goods
were produced at too high a price.
to some economists, one of the reasons for the
collapse of the communist economic system is that
too little was produced at too high a cost.